The Easy Way to Make Money Betting on Horse Races

Here is the easiest way to make money betting on horse races.  First, start with a really good horse.  This is relative.  For instance, in a $5,000 claiming race, a horse that could race competitively in a $25,000 claimer would be considered a really good horse.  So what you are looking for is a situation with a horse that far out classes the competition.  I’ll explain two ways to find this situation.

If the horse really had a problem that was that bad, why would they keep running it knowing they were going to lose?  The answer is that they wouldn’t.  The only reason that horse is running is to convince the betting public that it is a bad bet and can’t win.  It’s a set up.

Like I said.  Look for a horse that is dropping like this and also see if there was a change of ownership, either by sale or claim, around the time it had its one good race.  That is the tip off.

That is how you make money betting on horse races.

First, the easiest and surest way to get this situation is to create it yourself.  You need to buy a horse.  It doesn’t have to be a great horse.  It does have to be sound enough to run some races.  Let’s say you buy a horse that just raced competitively in a $10,000 race.  The owner is considering dropping the horse into an $8,000 race.  He or she thinks that he may be able to win the race and get the purse, as well as cashing a ticket on his horse.  On the other hand, that is risky.  If you offer him $10,000 for the horse, he will probably sell it to you.

Now enter it in an $8,000 claimer and lose badly.  Of course, when I say lose badly I mean the jockey has to hold it back and make it lose by a huge margin.  This will scare any would-be claimers away from your horse.  Now it looks terrible and they start to suspect that it has a big time physical problem.  Front wraps on the horse are often a nice touch at this point to drive that home.  The next step is to lose again at the $8,000 level.

Believe it or not, this very scenario happens all the time at the races and you, the m88 asia bettor, are the one who is being scammed.  So what is plan B?  If you can’t afford to buy a horse and run this little scam yourself, the next best thing is to spot the wise guys who are.  Look for a horse that just keeps dropping and losing by big margins after doing fairly well in one race.  If you can spot one good race four or five back and then the horse starts dropping down the claiming ladder, something is up.

I know what you’re thinking, why buy a horse that just lost a $10,000 horse race for $10,000?  Why not just wait until it races for $8,000 and claim it?  Because you don’t want it to race for $8,000 just yet and when it does race for $8,000, you want it to lose badly.  Now, after you’ve bought said horse, the next step is to enter it in another $10,000 race and lose badly.

Now enter your horse in a $5,000 claimer.  Lose badly.  By this time you’ve spent a fortune on trainer fees and paying a jockey to hold the horse back.  Now enter the horse in another $5,000 claimer.  At this point it will probably also get a weight allowance from the racing secretary because it looks like the horse is over matched even in the $5,000 claimer.

Now give the rider the green light and go for the win.  Do not bet early on your horse to tip the crowd.  Steadily pour the money in and get as much as you can into the exotics as well so the money won’t be too obvious.  You will make a huge score.  Your trainer will get called into the racing secretary’s office to explain the dramatic turn around in form.  Racing secretaries have to do this.  Have the trainer tell the official that the horse had a problem like a blockage that affected its breathing and that once the problem was solved, the horse could run a big race.

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Research and Markets: Research Report – Global Online Gambling & Betting Market 2014

For example, a quarter of poker players chose to bet on unregulated networks.

In North America, online gambling was legalized in three US states by early 2014, with online gambling revenues surging to millions in the first months of legal operation.

- Betfair Group

- Paddy Power

Europe has been a leader in adopting regulation regarding online gambling, but as the activity spreads, new measures are being enacted.

Online gambling is only starting to emerge in Africa. Mobile gambling is expected to grow at double-digit rates and to reach over 40% of the total online gambling market by 2018, as the number of mobile gambling users increases by a hundred million.

- These market reports inform top managers about recent market trends and assist with strategic company decisions

Companies Mentioned

- William Hill Online

About Research and Markets

- 888 Holdings

In the largest Latin American market, Brazil, gambling and betting is forbidden except for horse racing. As a result companies get a precise and unbiased impression of the market situation.

- Ladbrokes

In France, online gambling and betting has been legal since 2010, but many gamblers turn to illegal sites. The authors observe: while land-based lottery and casinos still dominate the gambling scene, online real-money gambling and betting are growing rapidly.. However, offshore gambling websites are popular among Brazilian gamblers, who spend several hundreds of EUR million annually on offshore sports betting sites.

- PokerStars

For more information visit http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/pwjr2j/global_online

The regulatory landscape on online gambling and betting is varied. The majority of Western European countries have some laws in place to channel online gambling and betting. Among the findings of the reports researchers is that the online gambling and betting segment is increasing, enhanced by the spread of smartphones and tablet computers. In South Africa, online gambling awaits legalization in 2014.

DUBLIN–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Research and Markets (http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/pwjr2j/global_online) has announced the addition of the “Global Online Gambling Betting Market 2014″ report to their offering.

Italy has one of the most advanced regulatory arrangements regarding online gambling in Europe. This ensures that the content of the original studies is correctly interpreted.

Regional variations in legislation and acceptance of online gambling and betting

The major trends in online gambling and betting globally are mobile and social gambling. Total online gambling fun88no1.com revenue in Italy recently reached a high number in hundreds of millions of Euros, with poker constituting the largest segment.

- The analyses, statistical reports and forecasts are only based on reliable sources including national and international statistical offices, industry and trade associations, business reports, business and company databases, journals, company registries and news portals.

Global Online Gambling and Betting Market 2014 depicts the latest trends and developments in the field. The global online gambling market has a current value estimated at a medium double digit number in billions of Euros, with growth expected between +7 and 10% annually in the next few years.

- The author’s international employees research and filter all sources and translate relevant information into English. In Australia, which leads the world in terms of per person gambling, online sports betting and gambling has been growing by over 30% annually, while the growth of the total gambling market does not exceed 5%.

Regulation of online gambling and betting in Germany and Russia lag some of their neighbours.

Product Information:

The leading online gambling and betting companies worldwide include PokerStars, Bwin.Party, William Hill Online, each of which annually generate online revenues of over EUR 0.5 billion.

Online gambling and betting is spreading in the Asia-Pacific region. We provide you with the latest data on international and regional markets, key industries, the top companies, new products and the latest trends.

Trends in online gambling and betting.

- The authors provide secondary market research: By using various sources of information they ensure maximum objectivity for all obtained data. In North America and major Asian countries online real-money games are yet awaiting progress in regulation. In the USA, online gambling is legal only in three states and in many Asian countries gambling and betting is allowed only in casino resorts.

- Bwin.Party

Research and Markets is the world’s leading source for international market research reports and market data. The first regulated online gambling website in Kenya was launched in 2013. Progress in online betting regulation in Germany is expected in 2014, as several operators have applied for the first online sports betting licenses.

The spread of online betting and gambling is forcing governments to act to regulate

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Wimbledon 2010 Roger Federer vs Tomas Berdych Betting Odds

Berdych, who reached the semifinals at last month’s French Open, won the match 4-6, 7-6 (7-1), 7-5, 6-3 after serving up 20 aces and winning 62 of his 77 first serve opportunities.

Roger Federer labored his way through the first two matches at Wimbledon, but he returned to his typical championshipWimbledon 2010: Roger Federer vs Tomas Berdych Betting Odds form in scoring third and fourth round victories over Arnaud Clement and Jurgen Melzer, respectively. The Swiss champ played a highly efficient match, committing just 11 unforced errors while hitting 28 winners..

Roger Federer -700

Tomas Berdych +400

m88u.com Wimbledon 2010 Roger Federer vs Tomas Berdych Betting Odds:

It looks like Roger Federer is back and that is bad news for his quarterfinals opponent, Tomas Berdych. Melzer, who Federer dispatched on Monday by a score of 6-3, 6-2, 6-3, won just 15 of 63 receiving point opportunites in the loss. However, Berdych has the skills to challenge the six time Wimbledon winner, which he will attempt to do at approximately 8:00am ET tomorrow morning. Wimbledon 2010 Betting Odds at SPORTSBETTING.com like Federer, though, to the tune of -700 moneyline odds.

The 24 year old Berdych, who hails from the Czech Republic, has produced a 2-8 record in 10 career meetings with Federer; however, he did win his last match against the ATP’s second ranked player, a 6-4, 6-7, 7-6 victory at the Sony Ericsson Open in Miami earlier this year. Federer is a perfect 4-0 against Berdych in their four previous Grand Slam matches, including a 6-3, 6-3, 6-4 straight sets win at Wimbledon in 2006.

Federer has now reached the quarterfinals or better in 25 consecutive Grand Slam events, a streak that dates back to the 2004 Wimbledon Championships.

Tomas Berdych advanced to the quarterfinals at Wimbledon for the second time in his career with a four set victory over Germany’s Daniel Brands on Monday

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How to Bet Proposition Bets at a Sportsbook by RJ Bell

However, many sportsbooks also offer proposition bets (or props short) for gambling on non-team sports like golf, tennis, boxing and auto racing – including NASCAR – due to their growing popularity. These artificial matchups are also fake in the sense that bookmakers are the ones creating them – solely for betting purposes – and different books will often offer different matchups. The odds on a “field” bet are typically comparable to a bet on the favorite in order to protect sportsbooks from taking a big hit if a major upset occurs. What team will win the coin toss

For example, if Serena Williams faced an overmatched opponent in the U.S. The Imperial Palace Casino’s sportsbook is well-known for the enormous number of prop bets offered. For example, betting on the 2006 Masters golf tournament now might get you much better value on Tiger Woods, who may be 10/1 at this moment but dip to 6/1 closer to the event if he is on a roll.

Here’s how the money line would be listed: Serena Williams -400 / #102 Ranked Opponent +360.

For non-team sports like golf, boxing, tennis and NASCAR, “Matchup Betting” offers an alternative to simply betting on the event’s winner. Since golf and NASCAR both have pre-qualifying, not everybody makes the cut to the final day of competition, and these group matchups require all individuals to qualify in order to be eligible for action. Other examples of props for non-team sports include what racing team will finish highest in a particular NASCAR race (Chevy, Ford or Dodge) or how many rounds will the fight between Mike Tyson and Kevin McBride last (Over/Under 8.5 rounds). So be aware of all your wagering options and don’t miss out on the excitement non-team sports have to offer with prop betting!

Group matchups are another way “matchup betting” is used which is particularly popular in golf and auto racing events like NASCAR, where you can select whether a leading competitor or a few other lesser competitors will finisher higher amongst the group, with the odds again based on money lines. “Matchup Betting” generally involves an individual going up against another individual in a head-to-head event, such as a tennis match, and the odds are determined using the money line.

What player will score the game’s first touchdown

Matchup Betting

An example with team sports would be NFL futures, where you often can get much higher odds on a team by betting before the season starts.

What will be the exact margin of victory .

Proposition bets for non-team sports are not limited to “Betting to Win” an event and “Matchup Betting” but those are the primary ways to wager on them.

As you can see, there’s much more to betting than simply totals and sides, especially when it comes to gambling on non-team sports. An artificial head-to-head matchup involves competitors in an event like a golf tournament or auto race who are indirectly competing against each other since in reality they are competing against everybody in the field, not just one other competitor.

The main advantage of futures is that you can get appealing odds by betting far in advance of when the event takes place. Unlike team sports such as football, non-team sports also have multiple events over the course of a year, so “Betting to Win” obviously happens much more frequently than a once a year NFL futures bet on the Super Bowl winner does. In exchange for a lesser payout, field bettors gain the advantages of having more than one entrant that can win for them. Props, also known as exotic wagers, are also extremely popular on high-profile team sporting events like the Super Bowl in Las Vegas . The same holds true for major team sports like NFL and college football, NBA and college basketball and MLB baseball. Open tennis tournament, a reasonable money line would require Serena bettors to risk $400 to win $100 while a $100 bet on her opponent would win $360. A NFL future bet on a team to win the Super Bowl might be 20/1 in the preseason; but by midseason, their odds might decrease to 10/1 if they turn out to be legitimate championship contenders. For example, you can bet on:

Betting to Win

Contributed by:

Before every major event in non-team sports like golf, tennis and auto racing, futures are set by oddsmakers.

Furthermore, a tennis match would be considered a tournament-style head-to-head matchup since the competitors involved directly play against each other in the event. For more information on how this works, be sure to check out How to Read the Money Line. If her opponent pulls off the upset, $100 bet on the underdog would profit $360 (plus the return of the $100 risked).

Every $400 bet on Serena nets a $100 profit if she wins (plus the return of the $400 risked). The two main ways of wagering on non-team sports are “Betting to Win” an event and “Matchup Betting” which pits an individual against another individual or a group of individuals.

Betting sides and totals on major sports like baseball, basketball and football are the most common wagers available everywhere. These are not fixed and are adjusted by sportsbooks several times leading up to the event and are sometimes released months before an event.

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RJ Bell

©Pregame.com 2006

Website: http://www.Pregame.com

It is very important to note that not all the competitors in an event may be listed, so another betting option is on the “field” which includes all other competitors not listed.

“Betting to Win” an outcome event like The Masters is the most common way to wager on individuals competing for a particular non-team title

Horse Betting Racing Methods

The most effective horse betting system isn’t the one that promise large revenue instantly but instead the ones that acknowledge the dangerous betting organization but nevertheless are in a position for making you fantastic profits.. It truly is very important to exercising discernment when deciding upon horse betting methods.

I have been working online for 3 years. It will also assist you to evaluate the position within the tracks and make sound judgements in future.

Horse betting racing techniques can receive you a great deal of cash. There are several systems that can help out however the decision will be yours. Take a look at the examination given with the betting system and use this instead of your instinct to make clever judgements.

Owing on the substantial betting challenges, it is advised that the punter employs daily news money to spot the bets during the initial stages. You need to make inquiries from effective punters about the perfect horse betting racing systems. They also can make you eliminate your bet.

Make your bets wisely. I really like Badminton and Basketball, I draw when I have time and enjoy my life with my friends and family.

Click here to Go Horse Betting Racing System

Exploration about the various techniques obtainable will save you from shedding bets. You will find also quite a few cons who market these methods. I create my own but also sell other people’s products. I practice different ways of marketing. Stay away from those sellers with issues giving refunds wherever the program fails to satisfy the purchaser.

Author’s Bio: 

Be open-minded and rational when deciding on your program. These sorts of people today can enable you to make the best judgements.

It truly is also advisable to be a part of and subscribe to pages which specialize in betting. This may help you make assessment in the betting program that you’ve bought. You can find a lot of systems which promise humongous earnings and several punters are already disappointed after shedding their money making use of these systems. Get as a lot details as you can to the numerous methods from textbooks and world wide web resources. By doing this you are able to usually obtain the views of specialist punters and the best horse betting racing systems.

The other thing to complete would be to look for a betting system which has a 100% guarantee of returning your income if it fails. The sellers with the best betting techniques have no trouble supplying you this present as they’re assured that their systems will not fail their clients

A Beginners Guide To Betting On Greyhound Racing

It is important to realize that the odds given for the race are accurate and the odds makers have years of experience in determining the results of the race and therefore the odds should be considered accordingly.

As one of the most popular types of animal racing in the world, greyhound racing betting has many different types of bets that can be made with many different types of outcomes. These odds are going to determine the likelihood of a certain dog coming in a certain place through the race.

How can you determine what the prize will be once the bet has been made? The prize that will be given to the successful bettor depends on two factors; the amount that has been bet and the odds that are placed on the bet that has been made.

Choosing between the many greyhound racing websites that are available is simple, when the reputation of the website is compared with the races and the bets that can be made.

Using these two factors, greyhound racing betting sites will determine the prize that is going to be awarded. The important odds to consider are the first, second and third for most bets that are being made. Many times, these prizes are outlined with the bet that is being made, allowing even beginners to determine the potential prize that is available with the bet that has been made.

Using the odds and learning about the dogs and the specifics of the sport can be a great way to get into greyhound racing betting online.

Many online racebooks allow the bettor to take part in betting practices without actually being in the local area, as they can showcase the matches online with the use of the streaming video that can be presented to clients, allowing the clients to watch the races that are being bet on, with ease.. There are often multiple dogs that are involved in the race and the bets are made on the position that the dogs are going to arrive over the finish line. Online betting sites with “racebooks” set the greyhound racing betting odds.

The odds are available through the race and are created by the sports books

Astrologys Aries Lucky Days; What Time Of Month To Gamble

Therefore, any day of the month who’s digits reduce to (4) is a lucky day for people born under Aries. You must first connect. For people born under Aries, the following calculations hold.

Tuesday: You are luckier during the 1st, 8th, 15th, and 22nd hour after sunrise.

The celestial number of Aries is (7), and Mars, the ruling planet of Aries has a numerical value of (6). Do you have a dream or vision that you want to communicate to the world. If you are going to gamble on the lottery during the month; you should buy your ticket on one of the following days: the 4th, 13th, 22nd, or 31st. Uma regio muito privilegiada quanto paisagem e a pureza do ar.Tags: espiritualidade, sucesso e prosperidadeKaal Sarp Dosh Yog And Its Effects By: Vijay Bharti – Kaal Sarp Dosh is one of terrific condition in ones kundli so it require proper remedy and astrological consultation by Vedic Astrologers

Tags: kaal sarp yog puja, kaal sarp dosh puja, kaal sarp doshWhat Goes Around, Comes Around By: Connie H. A teacher educates a student and makes him or her socially capabl …

===>Lucky Hours

By:

Keith Abbott

About the Author:

Keith Abbott is the developer and owner of ‘Numerology 4 You’ where you can order your own Numerology reading, including your complete Lucky Days calendar. Connection comes from the heart. Deutsch – It’s a universal law that says, what you sow, so shall you reap. Connecting with people is an art. If it falls in the range of March 29th thru April 5th, you will be luckier during the days of the second quarter of the Moon. Deutsch – From the time we are born, we are always on our way to becoming something. Visit him on the web today at http://www.numerology4you.com

Monday: You are luckier during the 4th, 11, and 18th hours after sunrise.

. A signal to change, to slow down, to breathe more deeply and to go within.Tags: spirituality, happiness, happy, success, personal developmentWhy Is It Important For A Doctor To Opt For Spiritual Retreat In Bali? By: Ashis Kumar – Here in this article you will find some points that describe why doctors opt for spiritual retreat in Bali.Tags: retreat bali, bali retreat, retreat, meditation, yogaGet Over Yourself, Connecting Is Key To Communicate Your Dream, So Get Over Yourself! By: Sandy Z – Everyone communicates but few connect. Don’t play the victim when you are subjected to the same type of treatment you have meted out to others.Tags: universal law, victims, sow, reap, abusive behaviorA Teacher Helps Us To Nourish Our Career And Future By: savemypc – A teacher has a lot of importance in our life from the time we are born. In other words, what goes around, comes around. It is difficult to survive without a teacher. If you were birthday falls in the range of March 21st thru March 28th, you will be luckier during the days of the New Moon. Most people are so busy thinking that they don’t allow their minds to be quiet enough to receive the answers.Tags: outside the box, meditation, thinking, consciousness, astralWe’re On The Way To Becoming By: Connie H. If your birthday falls in the range of April 6th thru April 13th, you will be luckier during the days of the Full moon. In addition, you should look for the number (4) to appear in your winning numbers. This number varies by the day of the week. You can determine this hour by starting at sunrise, and then counting forward to your lucky hours. Tags: experienced teacher in BrisbaneThe Most Unexpected Website I Came Across Was That Of The Grace Church! By: onlinejazz – Internet always throws up some surprise or the other for us anyways! The more we explore, the more we come across things! And most interestingly, we end up finding out websites that we never thought that existed.Tags: Christ Church videos, video sermons online, video sermonThinking Outside The Box By: Connie H. Deutsch – Thinking outside the box actually requires you to suspend the thought process long enough for the answers to come into your mind. Using fadic addition from Numerology gives us the sum of (13) which reduces to (4). Finally, if you were born in the range of April 14th thru April 19th, you will be luckier during the Moon’s fourth quarter.

Thursday: You are luckier during the 2nd, 9th, 16th, and 23rd hours after sunrise.

For Everyone:

Lessons In Surrender – Becoming More Spiritual By: Heidi Alexandra Pollard – It began with a feeling, then a sign, a nudge and then a book. The teacher teaches us how to survive on this earth by fighting with all the barriers of life. As an Aries, you probably know your basic Horoscope, but did you know that there are particular days and hours of the Month which are especially lucky for you? Here are some times when you will be especially lucky.

===> Lucky Moon Days

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===>Lucky Partners

Many sources hold that you are luckier during the day when your ruling planet is governing. Learn to connect and the world is yours.Tags: Get over yourself, getting over yourself, get over myselfLuz Da Serra – Encontre O Seu Caminho De Luz By: Jill Cohen – O nome Luz da Serra nasceu de uma imensa admirao que os seus fundadores, Bruno J.Gimenes e Patrcia Cndido, sempre tiverem ao ver o pr do sol na serr gacha. When we look back, we can measure our progress by the way our thoughts and actions have defined our life.Tags: becoming, spiritual, near-death, God, mortality

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Sunday: You are luckier during the 7th, 14th, and 21st hours after sunrise.

Saturday: You are luckier during the 3rd, 10th, 17th, and 24th hour after sunrise.

For Publishers:

===>Numerology Days

Friday: You are luckier during the 6th, 13th, and 20th hours after sunrise.

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ArticleSnatch Authors:

If you are born under Aries, and are playing a game of chance with a partner, you will be luckiest when that partner is born under one of the following signs: Aquarius, Gemini, Leo, Sagittarius, or Libra.

Wednesday: You are luckier during the 5th, 12th, and 19th hour after sunrise.

People born in the date range of March 21st through April 19th have the Astrology sun sign of Ares the Ram

AIDS Patient Zero – InfoBarrel

Memory Elvin Lewis

Dr. . . . Louis, Missouri) was the earliest confirmed victim of AIDS in North America.

In conjunction with Studio 54, other bars for gay men to frequent thrived.  Another meeting place was the bath houses still found in many larger cities.  Once serving the utilitarian function for neighborhood residents to bathe (considering most homes up until the late 1920s did not have indoor plumbing) these quaint reminders of The Good Old Days were social gathering places for gay men.  They were prevalent in New York City and in San Francisco.  [Bette Midler, a great favorite among gay men, got her start singing in gay bath houses; her piano player in those days was songwriter/musician Barry Manilow).

As early as his 13th year or sooner, he was sexually active.  Beginning in 1966, he started having some physical problems that seemed chronic.  His legs swelled, and he developed sores on his genitals and body. 

He led doctors to believe any of his sexual activities were strictly heterosexual, even claiming at one point to having a girlfriend (who failed to surface at the time).  [This female was found some time later and was found to be in perfect health, relative to HIV and AIDS, from which one can only surmise she and Rayford had no intimate sexual intercourse or such activities were rare enough she was not exposed to critical levels by whatever ailed him.]

There is an interesting correlation between homosexuality and the airline industry.  At least, there is a publicly perceived correlation as it pertains to airline flight attendants.

Dr. 1952-1953).

Dugas remained unrepentant.  He originally denied that whatever disease it was he had could be transmitted sexually.  His own words on the subject: “Of course I’m going to have sex.  Nobody’s proven to me that you can spread cancer.”  His depraved indifference to his sexual partners’ well-being was summarized with “It’s their duty to protect themselves.  They know what’s going on out there.  They’ve heard about this disease.”  The last element of his bitterness was voiced by his wish to take others with him: “I’ve got gay cancer.  I’m going to die and so are you.” 

Instead, about the only thing that can be said of HIV is that its “Ground Zero” location was almost certainly Central Africa.  

Noe’s condition stabilized, but then flared up again in 1975 (coincidentally the same year a strange disorder called “slim disease” was reported in Africa for the first time, the beginnings of epidemic AIDS).  In addition to the respiratory condition and joint pains he developed motor skill problems and dementia before he died. 

The Greek letter “?” always refers to the end of an event or series, not its beginning.  Dugas was “Patient Zero”, not “Patient ?” – if the intent was to use such a Greek designation, he would have been named “Patient Alpha” (“?” or “?”)  for “the beginning”.  It is known that Dugas from the earliest investigations, based on diagrams the CDC (and others) created interlinking sexual contacts among those diagnosed with or dead from the mystery disease, was referred to from the start as Patient Zero (not Omega or “O”).

Occasionally, medical mysteries initially thought solved are found later to have very different truths at their cores.

AIDS is what defined the decade of the 1980s, a decade that lived in fear beneath the penumbra of a certain and tortuous death from a highly communicable pathogen.   The swelling in his legs was bothersome, his genitals and legs were covered in scrofulous skin, and his testicles were severely swollen.  He was also emaciated (having lost much weight suddenly), and even though he was an African-American male he was considered “pale”.  He also had shortness of breath.  His symptoms led his caregivers at Barnes Hospital to conclude that one of his problems was lymphedema (a swelling caused by lymphatic problems).  This was only a tiny part of his health issues, however.

Gay and straight partiers alike finally found their Valhalla, however, in New York City in a crummy little club in the 1970s called Studio 54.  This rat hole was converted into a hot spot known all over the world.  Celebrities fell all over themselves to get in and be seen there.  Its allure was its faux air of exclusivity.  No club before or since carried the cachet of Studio 54.  Co-founded and owned by a cabaret-style, (almost a caricature) flamboyantly gay man, Steve Rubell, and a straight-laced heterosexual lawyer, this kitschy club defined hipsters in the Seventies. 

Of a most enlightening nature was Rayford’s adamant refusal of any rectal exams.  It seemed that he may have been exposed to homosexual activity (assuming the submissive role in anal intercourse).  One of his attending physicians believed that he had been a victim of sexual abuse (a very likely scenario considering Rayford’s socio-economic background).  He could also have been “pimped out” against his will by someone who procured males to engage with him.  To date, this aspect of his life is unclear.

Less Than Zero

First denying he was sick, he later willfully and maliciously spread the disease to unsuspecting partners.  After having casual sex in a darkened room once, a male interviewee later reported he had turned on a light in the room where Dugas lay naked on a bed.  This man spotted the lesions (Kaposi’s sarcoma) that were the classic earmarks of “gay cancer” on Dugas’ chest.  When he remarked upon it, Dugas replied sardonically, “It’s gay cancer.  Maybe you’ll get it.”

Gaëtan Dugas died in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, on March 30, 1984, at the age of 31.  His cause of death was kidney-failure brought on by his weakened condition from an onslaught of infections and ailments from AIDS.

He had a chlamydia infection (a bacterial venereal disease), clearly indicating he was sexually active.  His doctors also uncovered evidence of the herpes simplex virus and the virus responsible for Epstein-Barr.  Robert Rayford was not terribly forthcoming with his doctors, partly due to his retardation leaving him mostly uncommunicative, but also because he was embarrassed by something.

AIDS now had a face.

A strange disease lurked among the gay denizens and creepers of the bath houses, though.  Men began dying of pneumonia and other respiratory illnesses, but only after drastically losing weight and developing horrific skin lesions on their faces, necks, backs, and chests.  This disease became known in the gay community as “gay cancer”.  It was particularly volatile, and it progressed rapidly.  Dugas caught it early, possibly with his first encounter in the New York gay bathhouse on Halloween 1980.

The criteria for entry were pure sadism: one night only women might be allowed in; other times, a sloppily dressed man might be sent away while another, looking exactly like that man but “famous”, would be let in.  Gay-themed parties were held there often, and casual sex in the bathrooms and the “exclusive” privacy lounge was common among attendees.

This virus, after much international wrangling for recognition of discovery (with a particularly aggressive and bombastic US virologist lobbying for a claim that he had found it first–he did not) was later named Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV. 

The disease it spawned was rechristened, in light of its indiscriminate virology, to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS.  That same year that 248 cases of the disease were reported, local health departments in conjunction with the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in Atlanta began investigating.

Of the 248 cases known before the detection of the virus, interviewing led to the shocking revelation that at least 40 AIDS victims had one thing in common: all had either had sex with a certain male, blond, gregarious Air Canada flight attendant, or they had sex with someone who did.  This networking connection was made in 1984, and it was critical – it meant medical and public health officials investigating the source of AIDS might have finally gotten the breakthrough they needed. 

The teen seemed stabilized by late 1968 (when he was around 15 years old).  He had been transferred to Deaconess Hospital by then, and in March 1969, however, all of his symptoms reappeared and rapidly worsened.  His breathing labored; his white blood cell count (as part of routine blood work) was noted to have dropped dramatically.  The only thing concurred at the time was that Rayford’s immune system had been somehow compromised.  He developed a fever and died either in the late hours of May 15, 1969, or the early hours of May 16 (sources differ).  His primary physician recalled, “Eventually his entire body constituted almost one wave of hard lumps and watery swellings.”

The music was disco, the dance beat adapted from gay men and their party scene.  The mock S&M dance moves, the sweaty bodies, the throb of the music, the drugs consumed, and the fact that not just anyone could get in heightened its allure.

For one gay man, however, being a steward was all he’d needed to satisfy both his wanderlust and his physical lust. 

Thus, by the late 1940s male flight attendants were not only undesirable, they were suspect as well.  Occupying a job with women that devoted itself to customer service, good manners, and fine grooming, the stewards garnered suspicions of being “queer”.

Dugas may have personally, and directly, been responsible for dozens of AIDS cases (and no telling how many more indirectly), but he did not bring AIDS to the US, nor was he the first confirmed AIDS victim.  As noted, several California men and some Haitian immigrants were found later to have succumbed to the disease before Dugas.

Molecular research shows the AIDS epidemic of the 1980s stemmed from a viral strain that had entered the US via Haiti about 1966.  Other strains have been isolated as well.  As in cases like Robert Rayford’s, the disease died with him (though he probably infected others, those people likely did not have access to the sheer number of sexual partners that, for example, Gaëtan Dugas had, and died before spreading it much). 

The music scene was fueled by this gay celebration, none more blatantly than by a vocal group of disco hustlers calling themselves “The Village People”.  They dressed in favorite and stereotypical gay icon costumes – a policeman, a construction worker, a cowboy, a gay biker, and a Native American.  They were hugely successful for a short time with big sellers “In the Navy” and “YMCA”.  More subtly, Donna Summer performed her brand of dance music that was embraced by the gay community as was she.

Author’s note

Larry Kramer was actively and aggressively involved with what was then known as “gay cancer” in the early 1980s when the disease first made its poisonous presence visibly known in the United States as “gay cancer”. 

***

False Positive

From a front-line perspective

The commercial airlines recognized the goldmine presented by hiring female “stewardesses”.  Certainly, they were paid less.  There was also marketability in women that men did not have – women could be hawked by an airline as possible sex partners for the discriminating male traveler choosing its service over another.

Gaëtan Dugas fit right in with the gay community of the bath houses.  He was blond, voluble, and open.  Sex for him was a series of anonymous engagements, many times conducted hastily in bathroom stalls.  He took on whatever he felt like.  As well as many other men, he was developing what would become known as “The Clone Look”: close-cropped hair, largish but well-groomed mustache, muscle shirts, short shorts.  [The quintessential version of "The Clone Look" would be Freddie Mercury (rock band Queen's lead vocalist who died of AIDS) after about 1981.] . It existed as “slim disease”; the condition was universally ignored though many Africans died after mysteriously wasting away.  In 1959, about the time the Manhattan Jamaican shipping clerk died of his rare pneumonia, a blood sample from a Congolese man was taken and preserved.  Years later, this proved to be HIV-infected.  This Congolese man’s fate is unknown (whether he developed full-blown AIDS and died from it or not).  Similarly, a preserved lymph-node biopsy specimen taken from a Congolese woman in 1960 later proved to be HIV-positive.

Omega Man

The airline industry developed glamour.  The titillation of a sexy stewardess in uniform, pandering to any business traveler’s ego, was priceless.  These were women without boundaries, women who went anywhere, anytime.  Therefore, they must be promiscuous.  The unspoken possibility of sex with a globe-trotting gal was also alluring.  Married women were aggressively discouraged from working as stewardesses.  The single women, all within a certain preferred range of body type, height, and attractiveness, were wanton women (in the minds of the average male of the day).  Although morbid obesity was not the problem in the 1940s it is today, there were no “big girls” on board.

One such mystery concerned the AIDS epidemic in America.  As long as the killer remained comfortably within the gay community not much was done to investigate.  As soon as AIDS found its way into the heterosexual population, though, suddenly America’s interest in ferreting out the cause was paramount.  Panic stricken virologists and other epidemiologists worked feverishly to isolate the source of this sexually transmitted disease first endemic among homosexual men. 

Grethe Rask was a Danish surgeon who had traveled to Zaire in 1972 to lend medical aid for the sick there.  She returned to Denmark in 1976 and became relentlessly ill.  Her symptoms confounded her colleagues.  She died in December 1977.  Several years later in 1984, it was confirmed through testing she was HIV-positive.  During her time in Zaire, it was known she was directly exposed to blood – it is believed this was the source of her infection.

But, it doesn’t end there. 

Diverting conversations occurred between Rayford and his primary care givers when questioned about his sexual activities.  His doctors had not considered homosexuality initially, and all conversations, such as they were, seemed to be taken as referring to female sexual contacts.

Gay men realized the danger.  Many made the intuitive leap early that perhaps certain activities, such as anal intercourse, might be transmitting the causative agent.  Others flatly refused to believe that their lifestyles might be endangering the health of themselves and of others.  They felt it was a perceived backlash against gay men.  Higher-profile gay men (many closeted during their lifetimes) and activists within the gay community began dying as well as underground sub-culture members (the “Crisco, leather, and fisting” set).

The Road to Zero

The End of Days was seemingly at hand.

Concern for dying gay men was not paramount on America’s mind.  As more cases of the mysterious killer emerged, the name was changed from “gay cancer” to “gay-related immune deficiency” (GRID).  This, at least, was an open recognition that whatever was causing the disease was compromising a body’s immune system.  It didn’t explain, however, the rather esoteric choice of gay men (and soon discovered, IV drug users) by an unintelligent, non-sentient pathogen as victims.  It wasn’t until the first heterosexual cases of “gay cancer” emerged that the disease was examined more closely.

Current scientific research is clear: sometime in the 1930s, a simian form of immunodeficiency virus mutated sufficiently and made the leap across species to become a contagious disease of people. 

Meanwhile, as a symbolic sign of the coming Armageddon, Studio 54 was forced to close its doors for liquor license violations and tax evasion; entrepreneurs Steve Rubell and his business partner were sentenced to short terms of imprisonment.  [Rubell later died of AIDS.]

Dating America’s exposure to AIDS is irrelevant: AIDS is a global problem.  And continuing research has led to many more interesting facts about the spread of HIV.

By the 1950s, this homophobia was rampant, and in the conservative times of Eisenhower and McCarthyism, men were slowly pushed out of the steward jobs.

AIDS in the United States was isolated in pockets of contagion until the promiscuity (homosexual or otherwise) of the 1970s gave the disease a clear path of propagation in humans.  IV drug use, on the rise in the 1970s and early 1980s, also provided another avenue of blood-exchange necessary for the virus to thrive. 

The discrimination in the labor market meant the United States Supreme Court had to step in and force airlines to hire male flight attendants.  This happened in 1971 after nearly 20 years of female-dominated service.  Even then, the Court’s decision forcing US airlines to hire men was greeted with derision in the press.  It also raised homophobic fears of placing men in such a servile and sexualized role. Kramer was a writer in New York and a part of the gay culture.  He, however, decided that merely watching his friends die quietly wasn’t enough. 

As further incentive to not hire men as flight attendants, the death of a gay steward in 1954 became a scandal sufficiently great to lead to a rash of “fag bashings” (both gay men and lesbians were targeted) in Miami, Florida.  It was one of the nation’s worst anti-gay outbreaks in history. 

The term “velvet rope” came into existence then – a red velvet rope (as one might see in a museum keeping patrons at a safe distance from a particularly priceless exhibit) became the literal and symbolic barrier between the plebes on the street and the hipsters within.  Each night crowds gathered outside Studio 54′s doors; admission was granted whimsically by a group of door men and many times by Steve Rubell himself. 

Gaëtan Dugas, the narcissistic and embittered flight attendant, alternately feeling morose and spiteful about his condition, was given the code name “Patient Zero”, the source of the AIDS epidemic in North America. 

Homophobia was so great by the late 1950s almost no airlines in the United States would hire men as flight attendants – even Eastern and Pan Am stopped hiring stewards.  Stewardesses, however, were very desirable.  They were marketed as young, beautiful, and sexually available–this was hardly an acceptable career choice for any he-man.  In the same way that the sexual orientation of male nurses was suspect, only “pansies” wanted to be stewards.

Anal scarring also indicated repeated sexual penetration.

Update note:Dr. Memory Elvin-Lewis, thank you so much for not only your contributions to science but to my humble efforts at disseminating it for general readership.  I truly appreciate it.

“I’m Candy – Fly Me!”

The very first air flight attendants (in the 1920s) were men.  These positions were desirable; the men who did these jobs executed their duties more like up-scale, futuristic train porters and ship stewards than as menials.  As with many professions in that era (especially in service jobs such as telephone operators, bank tellers, et al) the sky porters known as “stewards” were exclusively male.  World War I saw the shift from male to female telephone operators and bank tellers; with a dearth of male workers during World War II, employers turned to the fairer sex to fill their employment needs in the airline industry, too. 

His first months in the hospital were spent with his doctors cutting back on his water and salt intake, and they wrapped and raised his legs, all to cut down on his tissue’s swelling.  Despite this, the inflammation moved up his body and into his lungs.  Antibiotics were tried in varying dosages, but Rayford’s condition continued to deteriorate. 

Gateway to the West

Good investigative work requires dogged determination.  Running an enigma to ground can take years. 

Dugas, meanwhile, knew he was sick.  He didn’t know exactly what was wrong, but he had developed the skin lesions, associated with “gay cancer”.  But one can’t spread cancer, of course, because cancer isn’t contagious.  He indiscriminately continued having sex with men as his whims overtook him.  His “advantage” was his mobility – as a flight attendant, he might be in any part of the US, Canada, or the world on a moment’s notice.  His bitterness about having gay cancer crossed over into his lackadaisical attitude about possibly harming others.

He was admitted with multiple, and strange, symptoms (given his tender age). It was so unusual at the time . Louis. 

In 1979, before Dugas was infected, a bisexual German concert violinist, Herbert Heinrich, died.  In 1989, after testing of medical samples from his body, it was learned he was HIV-positive. 

Without a precise diagnosis, Rayford’s cause of death was attributed to the catch-all vagary “loss of vitality”.  Intractable fluid imbalance and lung disease were listed as contributors.  An autopsy revealed a surprise – his body carried a very rare cancer called Kaposi’s sarcoma internally (though he had but one external lesion on his right thigh).  [Today, this cancer and its lesions are bellwethers of AIDS.] 

He started out as a hairdresser.  Wanting to travel, this French-speaking Canadian learned that flight attendants for Air Canada had to be bi-lingual.  He moved to Vancouver and learned English to qualify for the job.  He found work as a flight attendant on Air Canada.  This career choice allowed him the freedom to move around the world, visiting exotic locales, and meeting many strange men for anonymous sexual encounters.  In 1977, he was legally married in Los Angeles, California, in an illegal attempt to gain United States citizenship.

A year earlier, a Portuguese man known only as Senhor José died under mysterious circumstances.  He was treated at the London Hospital for Tropical Diseases to no effect.  In later years, examination of preserved tissues verified he died of AIDS; the causative virus, HIV-2 was present, making him the first known confirmed victim.  Genetic research on the virus indicated he probably contracted the disease in 1966 in Guinea-Bissau (on the northwest coast of Africa).  Three gay men in California and six Haitian immigrants to the United States were later confirmed as AIDS victims from that same year.

Before Robert Rayford in the US, there was a possible case found in a dead Jamaican native named Ardouin Antonio.  He came to the US in 1927.  He was working as a shipping clerk for a clothier when he died at age 49 on June 28, 1959, in Manhattan.  He had developed a very rare kind of pneumonia, seemingly out of the blue.  Decades later the doctor who had performed Antonio’s autopsy was asked to re-evaluate the case.  Did he think Antonio possibly died of AIDS?  “You bet . many cases of AIDS have been autopsied that we didn’t even know had AIDS.”

The dubious distinction of being America’s “Patient Zero” – the first documented and verifiable case of AIDS in the country – belongs not to Dugas but to a mildly mentally retarded black teenager named Robert Rayford (born ca. Somewhere, there was a Patient Zero, the epidemiological well-spring from which this plague spewed forth.

On October 31, 1980 – ominously enough, Halloween night – the French-Canadian gay male steward Gaëtan Dugas visited a gay bathhouse for the first time on a layover in New York City.

Certainly, the African-American teenager Robert Rayford (who had never been outside the city of his birth) was not Patient Zero, either – somebody had to give it to him in the first place.

This good person also kindly corrected some of the misinformation about Rayford via a personal e-mail and was also kind enough to forward professional papers on the subject.  One such paper, in Lymphology from 1973, gives, perhaps, the best clinical synopsis of the case.  Another article, entitled Documentation of an AIDS Virus Infection in the United States in 1968 (by the same doctor and others), is also a “must read” for anyone interested in the earlier origins of AIDS in America. 

There is an apocryphal story that Patient Zero was really Patient “O” (as in the 15th letter of the English alphabet, first letter of the word “Omega” for the last letter of the Greek alphabet, ?).  Furthermore, it was alleged that a journalist misinterpreted the “O” (for “?”), and instead wrote up his report, referring to the AIDS’ source as “Patient 0″ ["zero"] instead.

By April of 1982, 248 cases of the disease were reported nationwide with many others too afraid or indifferent to see a doctor.  A virus was isolated in 1983 by French scientists (as Europeans were also recognizing and treating patients with “gay cancer”, many of whom were decidedly not gay). 

Tracing backward from Haiti (the source of the US strain in 1966) put the disease firmly in Central Africa. . Louis City Hospital, then transferred to Barnes Hospital (now Barnes-Jewish Hospital) in St. Memory Elvin-Lewis was kind enough to respond to this piece in person.

The hedonism of the 1970s raged unchecked, and by the middle of the decade “gay” culture became pop culture.  Gay male partiers in the mid 1970s found an outlet on New York’s Fire Island.  Gay men rented time-share space in houses on the island and partied their summers away “in season”. 

Finally, in 1968, the boy was admitted to St. Doctors, helpless to find the cause of death for the Noe family, preserved some tissue samples.  In 1988, further testing showed Noe, his wife, and his daughter had all been HIV-positive

In his wake, one of the unfortunate legacies he left was a renewed homophobia relative to male flight attendants.  They became a lightning rod for America’s fear and anger over AIDS and its links with homosexuality.  “Patient Zero”, Gaëtan Dugas, was reviled; in death he was even accused of bringing HIV to North America and spreading it around the country.

Rayford lived in a brownstone in a poor neighborhood in St. Louis, Missouri.  His mother’s name was Constance Rayford, and he had a brother named George.  Rayford was described as slender.  His retardation left him relatively uncommunicative from shyness. 

Running Dugas to ground, however, was pointless.  At the time, there were no criminal laws penalizing the willful spread of a known fatal disease (since then, law changes allow charges of attempted and pre-meditated murder to be brought in many states against anyone who is HIV-positive purposefully engaging in unprotected sexual intercourse with an unwitting partner).

In 1976, a Norwegian sailor, designated with the alias “Arvid Noe”, died; his wife and nine-year-old daughter died the next year of the same wasting disease.  In 1961, the 15-year-old Noe had sailed on his first voyage to Africa.  He worked a merchant vessel that plied along Africa’s west coast from mid-1961 to mid-1962; during this voyage he was treated for gonorrhea.  He sailed again to Africa in 1964, with a port of call in Kenya in eastern Africa.  In 1966, Noe started suffering from chronic joint pain and recurrent lung infections.  By 1968, he could no longer pass a physical to sail, so he worked as a long-haul truck driver. 

Mr.

Both his wife and daughter developed an illness that mimicked his symptoms, and they died in 1977.  

Almost any medical professional worth his or her license, whenever a patient dies of a strange ailment, takes the precaution of preserving tissue and blood samples for future research.  It is extremely fortunate that some doctors going all the way back to the late 1950s had been so far-sighted.  Working backward and re-examining suspicious or otherwise unresolved deaths from contagion globally proved enriching in piecing together the history of AIDS. 

He wrote myriad articles on the subject and penned a stage play, “A Normal Heart”, that did well.  In May 2014, this stage play was brought to the small screen.  It was presented as a movie on HBO starring Jim Parsons (of “Big Bang Theory” TV fame).  The story documented the earliest days of the AIDS epidemic in America told from the perspective of the New York City/Fire Island cohort.  It is engaging: it is what TV can do (but usually fails to do except in rare cases like this one).

This makes little sense. 

The direct lineage of HIV-1 was traced to two groups of mutations that formed in the primates that carried the simian version.  One of the groups was dated to between 1847 and 1907; another subgroup dated to between 1606 and 1871.  HIV-2 made the leap most likely between the date range of 1856 and 1922.  Thus, it can be seen some prototypical version of the AIDS virus can be dated to the early 17th century.

In the end one can see there is no modern-day “Patient Zero”.

And the real Patient Zero – the HIV-Adam or HIV-Eve – lived and most likely died there, somewhere in the Congo, unknown and unrecognized for the catastrophic role he or she would play in human history. 

Air Canada

Gaëtan Dugas was a French-Canadian born February 20, 1953.  His life was on a collision course with history.  In 1972, Dugas first became sexually active.  [He would later claim he had over 2,500 sexual partners in his lifetime, whether all male is unknown.  He may have been bisexual.] 

Ground Zero

In America, the results of further research led to the conclusion that Gaëtan Dugas had not been the true “Patient Zero” after all.

This doctor handled, and talked with (though reported as largely uncommunicative), Robert Rayford personally for a period during Rayford’s confinement, and also attended Rayford’s autopsy, confirming the KS diagnosis and noting the preservation of tissue samples that later were shown to carry the variant of the HIV-1 virus.

Certainly it was not Gaëtan Dugas (though, like Typhoid Mary over half a century before him, many deaths could be placed squarely on his doorstep). 

Years later, once medical science, and particularly genetics testing, had reached a greater level of technological advance, a revision of the “Patient Zero” findings of 1984 seemed necessary.  What was learned by later research was both fascinating and horrific simultaneously.  It turned out, HIV had not only been in the world for over a century, but it had been in the United States as early as 1966. 

Because of the baffling nature of his case, doctors preserved several tissue and blood samples for later evaluation.  In 1987, eighteen years after his death, molecular biologists at New Orleans’ Tulane University tested specimens of Rayford’s preserved blood and tissues.  Their findings were stunning: a virus “closely related or identical to” HIV-1 was detected.  Further confirmation testing in 1989  proved Robert Rayford (African-American teenage male of St

Can Top Indian Casinos compare to Las Vegas Casinos? by David Cook

Here’s a quick snapshot of 6 Top Indian Casinos in San Diego:

1) Barona Valley Ranch Resort and Casino

6) Sycuan Resort and Casino

You might be surprised…

A good place to start is from an area often considered the Indian Casino capital of California and the location of an extremely competitive Indian Casino market, San Diego, California.

Indian Casinos all around the country are shattering the notion that Indian Casinos are a less than par alternative when compared to their Las Vegas counterparts.

Barona offers visitors Vegas style gaming action, combined with unique dining experiences, a luxurious hotel, and world-class golf. This spectacular highly acclaimed ranch-themed resort and casino has earned various awards for its casino and games, as well as for its restaurants and golf club.

Pala Casino offers award winning gaming, has eight restaurants, a 10,000 square foot day spa, a four-diamond resort with 507 deluxe hotel rooms, including 82 suites, four entertainment venues and an Olympic size pool with 12 cabanas. Harrah’s Rincon Casino follows in the footsteps of the Harrah’s gaming brand.

2) Viejas Casino

4) Pala Casino

With literally hundreds of Indian Casinos spread out across the United States, to give you an idea of the level of quality gaming emerging on reservations countrywide, let’s focus in on a few of the top Indian Casinos leading the way. The casino also caters to the trend setting crowd with their new V Lounge bar.

3) Harrah’s Rincon Casino

5) Pechanga Resort and Casino

However, just like in Sin City itself, the quality of Indian Casinos varies dramatically.

As one of the country’s newest resort destinations, Pechanga Resort & Casino, an AAA four-diamond property, offers the best of hotel luxury, Vegas style gaming, entertainment, meeting facilities and seven fine dining choices. A new 21-story hotel tower adds to the resort feel and recently was voted as having the Best Rooms, Best Suites, Best Hotel Service and more in 2005 by Casino Player magazine. Harrah’s Rincon routinely attracts famous acts to it’s entertainment complex. Pala routinely attracts big name entertainment concerts as well.

If you are getting the itch to visit Vegas but don’t want to make the trek, you might not have to look much further than your local Indian Casino.

Viejas is a well-established and popular Indian casino. Beyond its top notch gaming, Viejas Entertainment puts on high caliber concerts and the Viejas Outlet shopping center is known for it’s upscale outlet shopping. . The Showcase Theatre features great shows and concerts. A-list performers scheduled regularly in the 1,200- seat Pechanga Theater

You definitely won’t be let down by any of the Top 6 San Diego Indian Casinos.

In addition to great gaming, dining and entertainment, Sycuan Resort offers 54 holes of Southern California’s best golf, championship tennis courts, great overnight accommodations and a relaxing atmosphere to enjoy cocktails and fine dining. Amenities include a luxurious spa and a state-of-the-art fitness center

Negative Effects of Gambling

When they lose the money they had risked, they further gamble to recover the lost amount and it becomes a vicious circle even they can’t escape from.

Gambling = Thoughtless Expenditure + Waste of Time

? Gambling at the cost of one’s job results in a decline in the quality of his professional life. Thus, gambling can have a grave economic impact which is difficult to reverse.

? Problem gamblers and addicts tend to abuse their family members. Their mental state can even lead to suicidal tendencies.

? According to the University of New York, in people with alcohol use disorders, the chances of developing an addiction to gambling are 23 times higher.

? Addiction to gambling has been linked with substance abuse. This proves to be detrimental to their social and family life. A study by the same university suggested that 73% of the individuals who are imprisoned are found to be problem gamblers.

Mental and physical health problems, financial issues, and conflicts in the family are among the common negative effects of gambling. Card games, coin tossing, and dice-based games are some non-casino based forms of gambling. Thus, gambling practices cause a huge financial burden on the families of the affected and on the society at large.

? They start borrowing money and take secret loans. To add to the so-called merry atmosphere, gamblers often smoke or drink while playing.

? Similar to how an individual keeps consuming substances like drugs or alcohol to experience an altered mental state, he continues to gamble. It causes a decline in his/her work performance, thus hampering his career.

? The addiction to gambling can leave one in bankruptcy. It only leads to a thoughtless expenditure of money and valuables.

Games offered in casinos, table games like poker, Red Dog, and Blackjack, as also electronic games like Slot Machine and Video Poker are some of the common types of gambling. The addiction robs a gambler of all the productive time and leads to loss of efficiency at work. Forget satisfaction or peace, it is not even refreshing in the real sense. Six to eight million people in America are estimated to have a gambling problem.

? Gamblers often exhibit mood swings and a strangely secretive behavior. It soon becomes a habit that can’t be broken.

? Gambling is practiced as a means of recreation. Rehabilitating the gambling addicts needs money and time, and the process is not very easy. A recreational activity is supposed to be refreshing and relaxing, but something like gambling is contrary to the very purpose of recreation. Sports betting and arbitrage betting are the other types. The decision to gamble money is based on three parameters namely; how much to bet, the predictability of the event, and the conditions agreed upon, between the gamblers. Betting is a mentally taxing activity, and as one goes on risking more and more money, anxiety starts building.

? People who fall prey to gambling tend to remain away from their families and waste money on other bad practices. Some go that way to forget the sorrow of losing big sums when gambling.

? An Austrian study said that around 1 in 5 suicidal patients had a gambling problem.

You could be at gunpoint or holding the gun. According to the National Research Council, 10 to 17% of the children of problem gamblers have been abused and so have 25 to 50% of the partners of problems gamblers.

? Apart from absence at work and drop in efficiency, a common observation is that gamblers tend to steal money and engage in fraudulent behavior to recover from financial losses incurred when gambling, or to get more money to bet.

? According to a research by NCPG, 76 percent of problem gamblers are likely to have a major depressive disorder.

? Research has shown that gambling can lead to harmful behavior in people. In spite of the losses incurred, they continue betting. In the following sections of this Buzzle article, we discuss the negative effects of gambling on the individual and society.

? Studies show that children with a sibling or parent addicted to gambling, are more likely to take to substance abuse.

? Over time, the practice of gambling starts becoming a habit and begins to have damaging effects at psychological, physical, and social levels. They engage in gambling activities at the cost of their time with family and friends. Gambling refers to the betting of money on an event with an uncertain outcome, with the intent of winning additional wealth. The effect is similar to that of having a drug or a drink, which is why gambling changes one’s mental state and mood.

? Additionally, rehabilitation and public assistance systems are taxed.

? People continue gambling with the greed of winning money. The two go hand in hand. On giving a serious consideration to the negative effects of gambling, we realize that it is best avoided.

? A majority of those addicted to gambling have substance abuse disorders.

? As gambling leads to increased criminal activities, in a way, gamblers add to the burden on prisons and the legal system.

? Children of parents who are problem gamblers or gambling addicts tend to feel abandoned and angry, further increasing stress and leading to strained family relations.

? The stress from gambling may lead to health issues like ulcers, stomach problems, muscle pains, headaches, and problems with sleep.. The addiction has negative effects on one’s physical and mental health and it proves to be detrimental to one’s social, personal, and professional life. It can drag you into crime, gambling isn’t fun.

Initially, one looks at gambling as a way to run away from life’s problems, or from stress, anger, and loneliness. Addiction to gambling, coupled with substance abuse can make the gamblers physically abusive towards their family. Because of this, they land in worse situations and take the wrong decisions in life.

? Substances of abuse are served at casinos and in pubs and clubs, thus increasing the likelihood of gamblers consuming them. They tend to stay away from their near ones, resulting in distrust between them and their loved ones.

? Gambling has proven to be addictive. The greed never ends and they keep betting more and more. The addiction leads people to continue with gambling irrespective of whether they earn or lose in the deal. Due to lost mental peace, they may ill-treat their spouse and children. Their debt keeps building and it may reach an amount that exceeds their capacity to repay.

Compulsive gambling leads to bankruptcy

? Gambling can lead to criminal activities. The skill of a gambler lies in weighing the three parameters and making a decision about what amount should be staked and how much should be expected in return.

? The costs of treating compulsive gamblers are huge. The addiction gets on to the gamblers to such an extent that they fail to think wisely before acting. Over time, it becomes a habit, and eventually an obsession that can’t be overcome. The National Council of Problem Gambling (NCPG) describes this type of gambling behavior as problem gambling.

? According to a study by the George State University, 50% of the problem gamblers commit crime. The stress of risking huge amounts of money or the frustration after losing it can increase the tendency of abuse in gamblers. Some take to substance abuse to supplement the high they get from winning huge sums while gambling

Examiner Exclusive: Adam Sellke Talks eSports And Casinos

I fundamentally disagree that eSports should be considered gambling. In a recent piece Sellke wrote on Gamasutra, he outlines why the Casinbusinessss must begin to adapt to reach a new sort of clientele and in this chat with Examiner, he takes it a step further, elaborating how eSports can play a role in that adaptation.

What if the answer is they shouldn’t be? What should casinos do to still participate in this shift in entertainment?

Adam Sellke: We’re currently seeing skill-based, first-person gambling games coming onto casino floors. Perhaps a seat could be assessed various entry “fees”, where a higher entry fee would essentially correspond to tougher competition (similar to what you see in poker rooms). And competitive eSports for money should be only allowed amongst grown-ups (or pros). Fixing it starts with acknowledging a problem…

Esports is a watershed moment for the casino industry, but the industry will have to step out of its comfort zone in order to make it work for them.

Sellke: I am not sure they should be… That’s definitely the first step, but I’m not necessarily a big proponent of these machines. Most of these early examples aren’t that innovative and look a little uninspired.

I personally think they should because casinos should be about grown-up entertainment. That’s death. First off, they call them “VGMs” or video game gambling machines. Secondly, these game titles aren’t part of any bona fide eSports franchises. chats with Evolve Labs Founder Adam Sellke, who discusses the possible impact of eSports on casino culture.The founder/ co-founder of several startups (Surtsey, Madoi, Ripshark, Tunebloom, Evolve Labs and more), Sellke has served in individual contributor and management roles at Merck, BBDO, Carlson Companies, UnitedHealth Group and Best Buy. I haven’t seen how matchmaking would work, though. What form that entertainment takes is yet to be determined. A shark vs minnow environment could ensue. They don’t have the appeal that “real” eSports games have all over the world.

Hickey Jr.: What games do you think would work best in a casino?

Hickey Jr.: Why should eSports be in a casino?

Also, companies like Ourgame are opening large 14,000 square foot, 200 seat arenas in places like Beijing and Las Vegas. and then committing to solve it. For example, companies like GameCo are licensing games for deployment in Atlantic City later this year. If it’s fun for free, it’s even more so for money.

Hickey Jr.: What’s wrong with the casino industry and how could eSports help “fix” things?. A potential downside to this might be that without rank verification, fees would be the only way to set or “regulate” skill level matches. We have some interesting ideas on how to address skill-disparities, but we’re keeping that under wraps for now ;).

Patrick Hickey Jr.: How would eSports work in a casino?

Sellke: Like a lot of big incumbents, I am concerned that the casino industry has become complacent, or worse, lazy. in my opinion, casino operators need to answer that question with more than “because we want them to be”. It seems to be more of a shoehorn solution where the industry is responding to the opportunity by trying to make eSports fit into what they know. Solving it will mean things have to change!

For more information on Evolve Labs, click here.

Sellke: All you gotta do is look at your top MOBAs and other competitive titles. We have some ideas that we’re not yet seeing out there, so it’s a very exciting time for us.

National Video Games Examiner Patrick Hickey Jr. Presumably, these will enable a new level of head-to-head, skill-based competitions, playing true eSports titles

Negative Effects of Gambling

In spite of the losses incurred, they continue betting. They engage in gambling activities at the cost of their time with family and friends. Rehabilitating the gambling addicts needs money and time, and the process is not very easy. On giving a serious consideration to the negative effects of gambling, we realize that it is best avoided.

? People who fall prey to gambling tend to remain away from their families and waste money on other bad practices. The decision to gamble money is based on three parameters namely; how much to bet, the predictability of the event, and the conditions agreed upon, between the gamblers. The addiction robs a gambler of all the productive time and leads to loss of efficiency at work. Card games, coin tossing, and dice-based games are some non-casino based forms of gambling. They tend to stay away from their near ones, resulting in distrust between them and their loved ones.

? Gamblers often exhibit mood swings and a strangely secretive behavior. Betting is a mentally taxing activity, and as one goes on risking more and more money, anxiety starts building.

Initially, one looks at gambling as a way to run away from life’s problems, or from stress, anger, and loneliness. Because of this, they land in worse situations and take the wrong decisions in life.

? People continue gambling with the greed of winning money. A study by the same university suggested that 73% of the individuals who are imprisoned are found to be problem gamblers.

? Gambling can lead to criminal activities. Some take to substance abuse to supplement the high they get from winning huge sums while gambling. Their debt keeps building and it may reach an amount that exceeds their capacity to repay.

? According to a research by NCPG, 76 percent of problem gamblers are likely to have a major depressive disorder.

? Gambling is practiced as a means of recreation. Thus, gambling practices cause a huge financial burden on the families of the affected and on the society at large.. The effect is similar to that of having a drug or a drink, which is why gambling changes one’s mental state and mood.

? Addiction to gambling has been linked with substance abuse. It can drag you into crime, gambling isn’t fun.

? The costs of treating compulsive gamblers are huge. It soon becomes a habit that can’t be broken.

Compulsive gambling leads to bankruptcy

? According to the University of New York, in people with alcohol use disorders, the chances of developing an addiction to gambling are 23 times higher.

Gambling = Thoughtless Expenditure + Waste of Time

? The stress from gambling may lead to health issues like ulcers, stomach problems, muscle pains, headaches, and problems with sleep.

? An Austrian study said that around 1 in 5 suicidal patients had a gambling problem.

? Children of parents who are problem gamblers or gambling addicts tend to feel abandoned and angry, further increasing stress and leading to strained family relations.

? Gambling has proven to be addictive. In the following sections of this Buzzle article, we discuss the negative effects of gambling on the individual and society.

? Problem gamblers and addicts tend to abuse their family members. Thus, gambling can have a grave economic impact which is difficult to reverse.

? Studies show that children with a sibling or parent addicted to gambling, are more likely to take to substance abuse.

? According to a study by the George State University, 50% of the problem gamblers commit crime. Addiction to gambling, coupled with substance abuse can make the gamblers physically abusive towards their family. Six to eight million people in America are estimated to have a gambling problem.

? The addiction to gambling can leave one in bankruptcy. Some go that way to forget the sorrow of losing big sums when gambling.

You could be at gunpoint or holding the gun. It causes a decline in his/her work performance, thus hampering his career.

? Research has shown that gambling can lead to harmful behavior in people. The greed never ends and they keep betting more and more. The addiction leads people to continue with gambling irrespective of whether they earn or lose in the deal. Sports betting and arbitrage betting are the other types. Forget satisfaction or peace, it is not even refreshing in the real sense. Over time, it becomes a habit, and eventually an obsession that can’t be overcome. The addiction has negative effects on one’s physical and mental health and it proves to be detrimental to one’s social, personal, and professional life. ? As gambling leads to increased criminal activities, in a way, gamblers add to the burden on prisons and the legal system.

? Gambling at the cost of one’s job results in a decline in the quality of his professional life. Due to lost mental peace, they may ill-treat their spouse and children. It only leads to a thoughtless expenditure of money and valuables.

Mental and physical health problems, financial issues, and conflicts in the family are among the common negative effects of gambling. The addiction gets on to the gamblers to such an extent that they fail to think wisely before acting. According to the National Research Council, 10 to 17% of the children of problem gamblers have been abused and so have 25 to 50% of the partners of problems gamblers.

? Additionally, rehabilitation and public assistance systems are taxed.

? Over time, the practice of gambling starts becoming a habit and begins to have damaging effects at psychological, physical, and social levels. The National Council of Problem Gambling (NCPG) describes this type of gambling behavior as problem gambling.

Gambling refers to the betting of money on an event with an uncertain outcome, with the intent of winning additional wealth. When they lose the money they had risked, they further gamble to recover the lost amount and it becomes a vicious circle even they can’t escape from.

? Substances of abuse are served at casinos and in pubs and clubs, thus increasing the likelihood of gamblers consuming them. The stress of risking huge amounts of money or the frustration after losing it can increase the tendency of abuse in gamblers. A recreational activity is supposed to be refreshing and relaxing, but something like gambling is contrary to the very purpose of recreation. The two go hand in hand. To add to the so-called merry atmosphere, gamblers often smoke or drink while playing.

? A majority of those addicted to gambling have substance abuse disorders.

? They start borrowing money and take secret loans. The skill of a gambler lies in weighing the three parameters and making a decision about what amount should be staked and how much should be expected in return.

? Apart from absence at work and drop in efficiency, a common observation is that gamblers tend to steal money and engage in fraudulent behavior to recover from financial losses incurred when gambling, or to get more money to bet.

? Similar to how an individual keeps consuming substances like drugs or alcohol to experience an altered mental state, he continues to gamble. This proves to be detrimental to their social and family life. Their mental state can even lead to suicidal tendencies.

Games offered in casinos, table games like poker, Red Dog, and Blackjack, as also electronic games like Slot Machine and Video Poker are some of the common types of gambling

PGA golf betting odds for players to win the 2016 RBC Heritage

Davis Love III (1987, 1991, 1992, 1998, 2003) holds the record for most wins in the tournament with five followed by Hale Irwin (1971, 1973, 1994) with three wins. Kuchar has seven PGA Tour wins but his last win was in the RBC Heritage in 2014. He’ll win this week if he’s back to his previous form but is 5.5 to 1 odds worth the risk?

Luke Donald is a fomer #1 ranked golfer but he’s not won a tournament since 2012. Boo made the cut in his last two tournaments but he was no threat to win either time.

T-13. Billy Horschel, Branden Grace, Kevin Na – 40 to 1 odds each

2. Snedeker also won this tournament in 2011.

Justin Leonard – 175 to 1 odds

7. He does have 13 European Tour wins but his last win was in 2014.

Young 21 year old Matthew Fitzpatrick from England tied for 7th at the Masters earning himself a return trip next year. He missed the cut last week but improvement is expected this week.

Davis Love III holds the record for most wins in this tournament with five but his last win here was in 2005. Baddeley missed the cut at Houston two weeks ago in his last start. He’s 44 years old and he has six wins on the PGA Tour with his last win coming in 2009 at The British Open for his only career major.

Justin Leonard won this tournament in 2002. If Jason Day falters this week this kid could win.

6. He’s a talented golfer but he never wins. Jason Day – 5.5 to 1 odds

Listed below are all the PGA golfers with odds of 50 to 1 or less with comments. Davis tied for 42nd last week at the Masters. Boo Weekley won the RBC Heritage in back-to-back years in 2007 and 2008. Charley Hoffman tied for 29th at the Masters last week. Haas has six PGA Tour wins with his last win coming in January of 2015. The rest of these golfers at 50 to 1 odds each did not play last week in the major.

Carl Pettersson from Sweden won the RBC Heritage in 2012. Paul Casey – 16 to 1

Good luck to all the PGA golfers and especially the bettors this week at the 2016 RBC Heritage!

T-8. Jason Dufner, Charles Howell, Charley Hoffman, Tony Finau, Luke Donald, Graeme McDowell – 50 to 1 odds each

Matt Kuchar tied for 24th at the Masters. He has 12 PGA Tour wins. He’s 32 years old and his only PGA Tour win came last November in the RSM Classic. Brandt Snedeker – 20 to 1

Aaron Baddeley won the RBC Heritage in 2006. Snedeker has eight PGA Tour wins including his latest win which was at the 2016 Farmers Insurance Open in early February. In his last start, Brian missed the cut at the Valspar Championship over a month ago.

T-10. He has four career PGA Tour wins but his last win was in 2013. Prior to The Masters, Jason Day won the Arnold Palmer and the WGC Match play in back-to-back weeks but he took a week off before the Masters. He has 21 PGA Tour wins including a shocker last year at the 2015 Wyndham Championship at age 51.

Brian Gay won this tournament in 2009. Weekley also won at Colonial in 2013 for three career PGA Tour wins. Tony Finau won for the first time on tour on March 27, 2016 at the Puerto Rico Open, an alternate PGA Tour event. He missed the cut last week as did Jason Dufner. Matt Kuchar, Zach Johnson – 22 to 1 odds each

Boo Weekley – 140 to 1 odds

3. Then a number of notable golfers are also listed with comments who have much higher odds this week to win the 2016 RBC Heritage.

The 2016 RBC Heritage golf tournament on the PGA Tour is taking place this week from April 14-17, 2016, at the Harbor Town Golf Links at the Sea Pines Resort on Hilton Head Island, South Carolina. Matthew Fitzpatrick – 30 to 1

Bryson DeChambeau – 66 to 1 odds

4. Branden Grace missed the cut at the Masters last week but the 27 year old has seven European Tour wins including the 2016 Qatar Masters in January. Bill Haas, Justin Thomas – 33 to 1 odds each

Davis Love III – 250 to 1 odds

Bill Haas tied for 24th last week at the Masters. Billy Horschel tied for 17th at the Masters last week which is not bad but Horschel only has three tour wins and his last win was at the Tour Championship in 2014.

Aaron Baddeley – 140 to 1 odds

Stewart Cink has wins in this tournament in both 2000 and 2004. Here is a list of the betting odds for the PGA golfers to win the 2016 RBC Heritage golf tournament.

Kevin Na has now played in 312 PGA events and he only has one win. Justin Thomas tied for 39th at the Masters. He’s a tough bet here at only 25 to 1 odds.

Carl Pettersson – 225 to 1 odds

Paul Casey tied for 4th at Augusta last week and now he’s the second choice in the betting odds to win this week at 16 to 1. Paul Casey has only won once on the PGA Tour back in 2009. Kevin Kisner – 25 to 1

After a 10th place tie in the Masters last week, Jason Day is still ranked as the #1 golfer in the world and he’s the fairly heavy favorite to win the 2016 RBC Heritage at betting odds of 5.5 to 1.

Brandt Snedeker tied with Jason Day last week in 10th place at the Masters. The big news for the 2016 RBC Heritage is that Jason Day is in the field and he is easily the highest ranked golfer here this week.

Graeme McDowell won the RBC Heritage in 2013. Pettersson has missed the cut in his last two PGA tournaments.

After being the low amateur at the Masters and tying for 21st place overall, Bryson DeChambeau is turning pro for the 2016 RBC Heritage.Not many golfers win their pro debuts and this guy should be higher than 66 to 1 odds this week.

Stewart Cink – 150 to 1 odds

Notables

Kevin Kisner tied for 37th place at the Masters last week. He’s got three PGA Tour wins but his last win was in 2011.. Thomas is 22 years old and he won for the first time on tour last November in the 2015 CIMB Classic.

1. Fitzpatrick has a lot of talent and he won his first pro tournament last October at the 2015 British Masters on the European Tour. That was the last of his five PGA Tour wins. Charles Howell has two wins on tour in 463 starts. Justin Leonard is 43 years old and he has 12 PGA Tour wins but his last win was in 2008.

The RBC Heritage golf tournament dates back to 1969 when Arnold Palmer won the inaugural event. Zach Johnson has not won since capturing his second major at the 2015 British Open last July