The Easy Way to Make Money Betting on Horse Races

Here is the easiest way to make money betting on horse races.  First, start with a really good horse.  This is relative.  For instance, in a $5,000 claiming race, a horse that could race competitively in a $25,000 claimer would be considered a really good horse.  So what you are looking for is a situation with a horse that far out classes the competition.  I’ll explain two ways to find this situation.

If the horse really had a problem that was that bad, why would they keep running it knowing they were going to lose?  The answer is that they wouldn’t.  The only reason that horse is running is to convince the betting public that it is a bad bet and can’t win.  It’s a set up.

Like I said.  Look for a horse that is dropping like this and also see if there was a change of ownership, either by sale or claim, around the time it had its one good race.  That is the tip off.

That is how you make money betting on horse races.

First, the easiest and surest way to get this situation is to create it yourself.  You need to buy a horse.  It doesn’t have to be a great horse.  It does have to be sound enough to run some races.  Let’s say you buy a horse that just raced competitively in a $10,000 race.  The owner is considering dropping the horse into an $8,000 race.  He or she thinks that he may be able to win the race and get the purse, as well as cashing a ticket on his horse.  On the other hand, that is risky.  If you offer him $10,000 for the horse, he will probably sell it to you.

Now enter it in an $8,000 claimer and lose badly.  Of course, when I say lose badly I mean the jockey has to hold it back and make it lose by a huge margin.  This will scare any would-be claimers away from your horse.  Now it looks terrible and they start to suspect that it has a big time physical problem.  Front wraps on the horse are often a nice touch at this point to drive that home.  The next step is to lose again at the $8,000 level.

Believe it or not, this very scenario happens all the time at the races and you, the m88 asia bettor, are the one who is being scammed.  So what is plan B?  If you can’t afford to buy a horse and run this little scam yourself, the next best thing is to spot the wise guys who are.  Look for a horse that just keeps dropping and losing by big margins after doing fairly well in one race.  If you can spot one good race four or five back and then the horse starts dropping down the claiming ladder, something is up.

I know what you’re thinking, why buy a horse that just lost a $10,000 horse race for $10,000?  Why not just wait until it races for $8,000 and claim it?  Because you don’t want it to race for $8,000 just yet and when it does race for $8,000, you want it to lose badly.  Now, after you’ve bought said horse, the next step is to enter it in another $10,000 race and lose badly.

Now enter your horse in a $5,000 claimer.  Lose badly.  By this time you’ve spent a fortune on trainer fees and paying a jockey to hold the horse back.  Now enter the horse in another $5,000 claimer.  At this point it will probably also get a weight allowance from the racing secretary because it looks like the horse is over matched even in the $5,000 claimer.

Now give the rider the green light and go for the win.  Do not bet early on your horse to tip the crowd.  Steadily pour the money in and get as much as you can into the exotics as well so the money won’t be too obvious.  You will make a huge score.  Your trainer will get called into the racing secretary’s office to explain the dramatic turn around in form.  Racing secretaries have to do this.  Have the trainer tell the official that the horse had a problem like a blockage that affected its breathing and that once the problem was solved, the horse could run a big race.

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Research and Markets: Research Report – Global Online Gambling & Betting Market 2014

For example, a quarter of poker players chose to bet on unregulated networks.

In North America, online gambling was legalized in three US states by early 2014, with online gambling revenues surging to millions in the first months of legal operation.

- Betfair Group

- Paddy Power

Europe has been a leader in adopting regulation regarding online gambling, but as the activity spreads, new measures are being enacted.

Online gambling is only starting to emerge in Africa. Mobile gambling is expected to grow at double-digit rates and to reach over 40% of the total online gambling market by 2018, as the number of mobile gambling users increases by a hundred million.

- These market reports inform top managers about recent market trends and assist with strategic company decisions

Companies Mentioned

- William Hill Online

About Research and Markets

- 888 Holdings

In the largest Latin American market, Brazil, gambling and betting is forbidden except for horse racing. As a result companies get a precise and unbiased impression of the market situation.

- Ladbrokes

In France, online gambling and betting has been legal since 2010, but many gamblers turn to illegal sites. The authors observe: while land-based lottery and casinos still dominate the gambling scene, online real-money gambling and betting are growing rapidly.. However, offshore gambling websites are popular among Brazilian gamblers, who spend several hundreds of EUR million annually on offshore sports betting sites.

- PokerStars

For more information visit

The regulatory landscape on online gambling and betting is varied. The majority of Western European countries have some laws in place to channel online gambling and betting. Among the findings of the reports researchers is that the online gambling and betting segment is increasing, enhanced by the spread of smartphones and tablet computers. In South Africa, online gambling awaits legalization in 2014.

DUBLIN–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Research and Markets ( has announced the addition of the “Global Online Gambling Betting Market 2014″ report to their offering.

Italy has one of the most advanced regulatory arrangements regarding online gambling in Europe. This ensures that the content of the original studies is correctly interpreted.

Regional variations in legislation and acceptance of online gambling and betting

The major trends in online gambling and betting globally are mobile and social gambling. Total online gambling revenue in Italy recently reached a high number in hundreds of millions of Euros, with poker constituting the largest segment.

- The analyses, statistical reports and forecasts are only based on reliable sources including national and international statistical offices, industry and trade associations, business reports, business and company databases, journals, company registries and news portals.

Global Online Gambling and Betting Market 2014 depicts the latest trends and developments in the field. The global online gambling market has a current value estimated at a medium double digit number in billions of Euros, with growth expected between +7 and 10% annually in the next few years.

- The author’s international employees research and filter all sources and translate relevant information into English. In Australia, which leads the world in terms of per person gambling, online sports betting and gambling has been growing by over 30% annually, while the growth of the total gambling market does not exceed 5%.

Regulation of online gambling and betting in Germany and Russia lag some of their neighbours.

Product Information:

The leading online gambling and betting companies worldwide include PokerStars, Bwin.Party, William Hill Online, each of which annually generate online revenues of over EUR 0.5 billion.

Online gambling and betting is spreading in the Asia-Pacific region. We provide you with the latest data on international and regional markets, key industries, the top companies, new products and the latest trends.

Trends in online gambling and betting.

- The authors provide secondary market research: By using various sources of information they ensure maximum objectivity for all obtained data. In North America and major Asian countries online real-money games are yet awaiting progress in regulation. In the USA, online gambling is legal only in three states and in many Asian countries gambling and betting is allowed only in casino resorts.

- Bwin.Party

Research and Markets is the world’s leading source for international market research reports and market data. The first regulated online gambling website in Kenya was launched in 2013. Progress in online betting regulation in Germany is expected in 2014, as several operators have applied for the first online sports betting licenses.

The spread of online betting and gambling is forcing governments to act to regulate

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Wimbledon 2010 Roger Federer vs Tomas Berdych Betting Odds

Berdych, who reached the semifinals at last month’s French Open, won the match 4-6, 7-6 (7-1), 7-5, 6-3 after serving up 20 aces and winning 62 of his 77 first serve opportunities.

Roger Federer labored his way through the first two matches at Wimbledon, but he returned to his typical championshipWimbledon 2010: Roger Federer vs Tomas Berdych Betting Odds form in scoring third and fourth round victories over Arnaud Clement and Jurgen Melzer, respectively. The Swiss champ played a highly efficient match, committing just 11 unforced errors while hitting 28 winners..

Roger Federer -700

Tomas Berdych +400 Wimbledon 2010 Roger Federer vs Tomas Berdych Betting Odds:

It looks like Roger Federer is back and that is bad news for his quarterfinals opponent, Tomas Berdych. Melzer, who Federer dispatched on Monday by a score of 6-3, 6-2, 6-3, won just 15 of 63 receiving point opportunites in the loss. However, Berdych has the skills to challenge the six time Wimbledon winner, which he will attempt to do at approximately 8:00am ET tomorrow morning. Wimbledon 2010 Betting Odds at like Federer, though, to the tune of -700 moneyline odds.

The 24 year old Berdych, who hails from the Czech Republic, has produced a 2-8 record in 10 career meetings with Federer; however, he did win his last match against the ATP’s second ranked player, a 6-4, 6-7, 7-6 victory at the Sony Ericsson Open in Miami earlier this year. Federer is a perfect 4-0 against Berdych in their four previous Grand Slam matches, including a 6-3, 6-3, 6-4 straight sets win at Wimbledon in 2006.

Federer has now reached the quarterfinals or better in 25 consecutive Grand Slam events, a streak that dates back to the 2004 Wimbledon Championships.

Tomas Berdych advanced to the quarterfinals at Wimbledon for the second time in his career with a four set victory over Germany’s Daniel Brands on Monday

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Famous Horse Racing Courses Around the World

The year that it was founded, Champ de Mars Racecourse hosted the first organized race meeting in the history of Mauritius! With a total circumference of 1298 meters, it is a small racetrack, albeit a very popular one. It has a natural dirt track of 1 mile, and a shorter inner turf course. It has a 2,783 meter long turf, on which 1000-meter long races are held. Horse racetracks require special care and maintenance, as much as – or even more than – the fields that host football, cricket, tennis and other sports. If you are a great derby fan, you must, at least once in your lifetime, witness the Grand National at Aintree Racecourse. Nevertheless, horse races such as the Gran Premio Carlos Pellegrini in Argentina are quite popular and famous and draw audiences from all over the continent. The Steeplechasing Hall of Fame is also housed at Cheltenham Racecourse. There are in all three racetracks – the turf track measures 2083 meters, the dirt track measures 1899 meters, while the jump track measures 1675 meters. The kind of money that flows through the hands of people involved in the horse racing industry will make you dizzy! To give you a very rough idea: as of 2010, there were well over 8000 people in Great Britain who collectively had over 14,000 race horses in training, and the total prize money involved in horse racing that year was a whopping £99 million! By the way, this is just Great Britain we are talking about. Horses were used by our forefathers as beasts of burden too. Here is an account of few of the racecourses in South America.

? Hipódromo de San Isidro

Location: Buenos Aires, Argentina

Notable for: Gran Premio Carlos Pellegrini

The biggest racetrack in both North America and South America, Hipódromo de San Isidro was opened in 1935. Here are some of the most famous horse racing courses in America.


Though there may be fewer “world famous” horse racing courses in Asia than in other parts of the world per se, horse racing is still quite an established sport in Asia. It is a 1 1/8 miles race held on a dirt track, one of the most important races for 3-year old horses held at Hastings annually. It is also one of the richest races held at Hastings, with a purse of $250,000.

Horse racing events are held at horse racecourses, alternatively known as horse racetracks. The facility also includes a casino and café.

? Caulfield Racecourse

Location: Caulfield, Victoria

Notable for: Caulfield Cup, Caulfield Guineas, Blue Diamond Stakes

One of the most popular horse racing courses in Australia, the Caulfield Racecourse is 2080 meters long, and shaped like a triangle, with 4% to 6% banking along the turns. The best time to visit Ascot would be in the months of June and July when two of its most prestigious races, viz., Ascot Gold Cup and King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes, are held. Kildare

Notable for: Irish Derby (G1)

The name Curragh is a derivative of the Irish word Cuirreach, which means “racecourse”. The festival comprises four renowned races – Cheltenham Gold Cup, Champion Hurdle, Queen Mother Champion Chase and Stayers Hurdle. Competitive horse racing in UK is collectively called the National Hunt, or simply ‘The National’. When the figures skyrocket like that, it is only natural that everything about the event will be top-class; the training that the horses are put through, the diets they have to follow, and the ground they walk on. You will never forget the first time you rode a horse; you will always remember, in great detail, the time when you saw a herd of horses galloping along the countryside; and unless you have the means, you will always hope and wish to have a horse!

2] Ireland

Given the emotions we associate with horses, it isn’t difficult to understand the popularity of Equestrian sports – right from show jumping, to dressage, to perhaps the most popular form of Equestrian sport, horse racing. Here are some of the famous racecourses of Africa.

? Turffontein Racecourse

Location: Johannesburg, South Africa

Notable for: South African Derby

Such is the racing course of this famous racetrack from Australia, that it is unanimously considered as the true test of a horse’s stamina. Also known as “The Heath” locally, races are held on the track for about 20 days in a year.

That should explain why anyone who likes animals, loves horses! The sheer strength, beauty and grace that a horse exhibits is unparalleled. The Tokyo Racecourse also houses one of the largest video screens in the world.

? Hastings Racecourse

Location: Vancouver, British Columbia

Notable for: British Columbia Breeders’ Cup Derby (G3)

Hastings Racecourse was opened in the year 1889 and is home to British Columbia Breeders’ Cup Derby. With an inner as well as an outer turf, Turffontein hosts the G1 South African Derby and the Summer Cup every November. The most important of the races held on the track is the Gran Premio José Pedro Ramírez. It is also claimed to be the world’s only racecourse to host a luxury 5-star trackside hotel, The Meydan. It was founded in 1887.

? Cheltenham Racecourse

Location: Cheltenham, Gloucestershire

Notable for: Cheltenham Gold Cup, Champion Hurdle

With a natural amphitheater along the escarpment of the Cotswolds hills, the Cheltenham Racecourse is as much popular for its scenic beauty as it is for hosting one of the most important and élite horse racing events, the Cheltenham Festival. The racecourse also homes a 186-meter long stable, considered to be the finest and most beautiful in the world.

? Ascot Racecourse

Location: Ascot, Berkshire

Notable for: King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes, Ascot Gold Cup

The Ascot Racecourse hosts a whopping 9 of the 32 annual G1 races in UK and is one of the élite horse racing courses in England. Members of the Royal British Family attend the Royal Ascot (established in 1711 by Queen Anne) every year at the Ascot Racecourse.

? North America

? South America

? Europe

? Australia

? Africa

? Asia


3] France

? Randwick Racecourse

Location: Eastern Suburbs, Sydney

Notable for: Australian Derby

Another illustrious racecourse in Australia, the Randwick Racecourse hosts many races like the Australian Derby, the AJC Oaks, AJC Queen Elizabeth Stakes (historically known as the Queen’s Plate). The most popular form of horse racing in Europe is steeplechase (wherein horses have to jump over hurdles or fences). The track also boasts training and breeding facilities.

? Hipodromo La Rinconada

Location: Caracas, Venezuela

Notable for: Gran Premio Clásico Simón Bolívar (G1)

Claimed to be one of the most modern racetracks in the continent, Hipodromo La Rinconada was opened in 1959. Santa Anita Park honors a chosen jockey with the George Woolf Memorial Jockey Award every year. Horse racing has a history of over a couple thousand years, with the earliest record of horse domestication dating back to ca. Apart from horse racing, Keeneland is also popular for its horse auctions – held four times a year – and its exhaustive reference library on horse racing.

? Churchill Downs

Location: Louisville, Kentucky

Notable for: Kentucky Derby, Stephen Foster Handicap

The biggest racecourse (in terms of seating capacity), Churchill Downs is home to one of the races of the United States Triple Crown, the Kentucky Derby. The racecourse hosts all the five classic Irish horse racing events, viz., Irish 1,000 Guineas (G1), Irish 2,000 Guineas (G1), Irish Derby (G1), Irish Oaks (G1) and finally the Irish St. In fact, horse racing as such is a very popular sport in Mauritius.

Not many people know that the Australian thoroughbred horse racing industry ranks #3 in the world. Each year, South Africa and Mauritius both attract enthusiasts from all over the world for the different racing events they host. Aintree is home to the most definitive National Hunt steeplechase, the Grand National (which is also considered the most difficult steeplechase in the world, with 30 fences spread over a distance of 7,242 meters). To give you a rough idea, the Meydan Racecourse of Dubai, UAE took an estimated $2 billion to be built! No doubt, derby is an expensive affair.

There are many top-class racecourses around the world, some as old as modern-day horse racing itself, and some only as young as the minimum age of a racing horse! Here is an account of famous horse racing courses from around the world.

Historically, horse racing was a part of the ancient Greek Olympics, with chariot racing being the most popular Equestrian sport. Leger (G1). It is the only track in North America that holds thoroughbred and standardbred races on the same day.

? Hipodromo Nacional de Maroñas

Location: Montevideo, Uruguay

Notable for: Gran Premio José Pedro Ramírez

This racing track was opened in 1874. In its second year (i.e., in the year 1938) Del Mar hosted the historic race between racehorses Seabiscuit and Ligaroti, which went on to become the first race to be broadcast on NBC radio. Indeed, the horse racing courses around the world mentioned above are no less than the very best. This is another place you absolutely should visit!

? Curragh Racecourse, Ireland

Location: Newbridge, Co. Horse racing events are conducted in many countries across Asia, including India, Japan, Singapore, UAE, South Korea, etc.

? Tokyo Racecourse

Location: Tokyo, Japan

Notable for: Japan Cup, Tokyo Yushun (Japanese Derby), Yushun Himba (Japanese Oaks)

With seating provision to hold over 200,000 people at a time, the Tokyo Racecourse is undoubtedly the biggest in the world, in terms of seating capacity. It is the single most prominent and prestigious horse racing event in Europe.

1] England

Although many world-class racecourses do exist in South America, horse racing as a sport is not so famous in South America, as it is in some other parts of the world. He set his Kentucky Derby world record (1 minute 592/5 seconds) on the Churchill Downs racetrack. Included in the Australian National Heritage List in 2006, Flemington hosts most of the important Australian horse racing events.. (The second race of the Triple Crown is the Preakness Derby held at Pimlico Race Course, and the third is the Belmont Stakes held at Belmont Park.) Built in 1875, it was designated a National Historic Landmark a 111 years later, in 1986. These are also the races with the highest purses in Ireland. Along with Gran Premio Clásico Simón Bolívar (G1), the Hipica Gala event hosted by this racetrack is also of prominence. It is held every April.

Horse racing began as a personal form of transport. The main course of Chantilly is 2400 meters long. It has a 1710 m dirt track and a 1509 m turf. The legendary horse Secretariat set one of the two world records on this very racetrack – his Belmont Stakes victory of 2 minutes 24 seconds remains undefeated to date. With a grandstand located right on top of the Pacific Ocean, it hosts races from July to September every year.

? Aintree Racecourse, England

Location: Aintree, Merseyside

Notable for: Grand National

There probably isn’t a single derby fan who hasn’t heard of the Aintree Racecourse; it is after all the most famous horse racing course in England. Apart from that, local horse races are held every weekend. The racecourse sports a bronze statue of Phar Lap, a magnificent racehorse trained in Australia. ? Belmont Park

Location: Elmont, New York

Notable for: Belmont Stakes

Hosting the third leg of the United States Triple Crown “Belmont Stakes”, Belmont Park is also known as “The Champion Track”, owing to the fact that every champion in horse racing has competed at least once on the track. A statue of Secretariat was placed in the paddock of Belmont Park to honor him.

Contrary to popular belief, horse racing as a sport was established in North America almost two centuries before it was in the UK. The grandstand of this racecourse has never witnessed a renovation and/or reconstruction. The first ever racing meet of North America took place in the year 1665, under the supervision of the then New York’s colonial governor, Richard Nicolls, with the first racetrack being built in the same year. Most of the racehorses that contest in the different racing events are bred in South Africa, though sometimes they may be imported from other countries too, especially from UK and France. Yes, you read that right! The single most important horse race in Australia is the Melbourne Cup, which has been dubbed the “race that stops a nation”. cool, isn’t it?

? Meydan Racecourse

Location: Dubai, UAE

Notable for: Dubai World Cup

One of the most élite and the youngest racetracks in the world in its class, the Meydan Racecourse hosts a 1750-meter long, all-weather Tapeta track and a 2400-meter long Turf track. It has a 1.28 mile main dirt track on which races are held and a 1.24 mile training track. P. It is home to the single most important horse race in Argentina, the Gran Premio Carlos Pellegrini. It is a 1.49 miles race, held on Three Kings’ Day every year. It is held every December.

? Del Mar Racetrack

Location: Del Mar, California

Notable for: Del Mar Oaks (G1), Pacific Classic (G1)

With a 1 mile inner dirt track and a seven furlong outer turf course, the Del Mar Racetrack runs by the slogan “Where The Turf Meets The Surf”. The racecourse also houses a clubhouse and a museum, and is undoubtedly one of the best horse racing courses around the world.

? Santa Anita Park

Location: Arcadia, California

Notable for: Santa Anita Handicap (G1), Santa Anita Derby (G1)

Santa Anita Park is unanimously called the most beautiful horse racing course in the world, with the simultaneous massive and magnificent backdrop of the San Gabriel Mountains. The sound of the hoofs when the horse trots, the hypnotic sight of a horse grazing in the field, the adrenaline rush you experience at the sound and sight of a galloping horse, are feelings that will leave a lifelong impression on your mind’s eye. Though the first derby took place only in 1866, horse racing has been witnessed by this racecourse since as early as 1727.

There is something about riding down the street on a prancing horse that makes you feel like something, even when you ain’t a thing.

~ Will Rogers

? Chantilly Racecourse

Location: Chantilly, Oise

Notable for: Prix du Jockey Club, Prix de Diane

Chantilly Racecourse hosts 2 of the 4 French Classics, viz., the Prix du Jockey Club, and the Prix de Diane. It would be worth every penny to save up and go visit at least some of these racecourses once in your lifetime!

? Woodbine Racetrack

Location: Toronto, Ontario

Notable for: Canadian International Stakes (G1), Queen’s Plate (G1)

The track to host the first ever Summer Paralympics in 1976, Woodbine Racetrack has a total of three racecourses, since 1994 – the 1.5 mile E. Apart from being a venue for these and other famous races, Randwick Racecourse has also been used as a location for shooting parts of the film Mission Impossible II, and is also used as a venue for the University of New South Wales exams! Fancy appearing for an exam in a racecourse … The racecourse also houses a Museum of Arts, and the famous Alejandro Otero El Polyhedron.

? Longchamp Racecourse (Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe)

Location: Route des Tribunes Bois de Boulogne, Paris

Notable for: Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe

Most famous for hosting the Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe (one of the four French Classics, held every October), the specialty of the Longchamp Racecourse is that it has several interlocked racetracks, thus providing for great variety in the racing distances. Competitive endurance riding is also quite popular in Australia, with the Tom Quilty Gold Cup being the most coveted award. More than half of the G1 category races of France are held at Longchamp.

? Keeneland

Location: Lexington, Kentucky

Notable for: Blue Grass Stakes (G1)

Ranked #1 by the Horseplayers Association of North America in 2009, and included both in the National Register of Historic Places and list of National Historic Landmarks in the US, Keeneland is one of the best horse racing courses around the world. Taylor thoroughbred turf course (named after famous business tycoon and breeder Edward “Eddie” Plunket Taylor); the inner 1 mile thoroughbred Polytrack; and the innermost 0.875 miles crushed limestone racecourse for Standardbred horses. From something that began at an individual (or personal) level, horse racing has gone on to become one of the most popular and expensive sports ever. In itself, Champ de Mars Racecourse is the oldest racetrack in the Southern Hemisphere of the Earth. 4000 B.C.



? Champ de Mars Racecourse

Location: Port Louis, Mauritius

Notable for: Maiden Cup

Champ de Mars Racecourse is home to the third-oldest active horse-racing clubs in the world, viz., Mauritius Turf Club. However, it wasn’t until the later half of the 18th century that the sport of horse racing gained a proper organized form. The dirt track on which the derby is held, measures 1 mile in circumference and runs around the inner turf course. There is a lot that goes into building a state-of-the-art racecourse. However, several forms of horse racing such as flat race, steeplechase (in which hurdles and fences are placed in the horse’s track), endurance riding, etc., have now been established and have gained immense popularity over the years.

On the African continent, horse racing is primarily centered at Mauritius and South Africa. Given below is a brief account of world famous horse racing courses in Australia.

? Flemington Racecourse

Location: Flemington, Victoria

Notable for: The Melbourne Cup, Victoria Derby

Home to the Australian horse race with the highest purse, viz., The Melbourne Cup, the Flemington Racecourse boasts a 2312-meter long racetrack along which races are run anticlockwise, rather than clockwise. It has been listed in the United States National Register of Historic Places.

Europe – particularly UK, France and Ireland – has a glorious and long history of horse racing, dating back to the early 18th century. It is as it was, when built in 1879

Tobacco companies bet on electronic cigarettes

In 1965, according to the Centers for Disease Control, 42 percent of men and women over 18 years old were smokers; in 2010, only 19 percent smoked. Under the Tobacco Control Act, the FDA cannot currently regulate e-cigarettes, unless the manufacturers make therapeutic claims. “We think of ourselves as the digital to their analogue.” 

The FDA warns that e-cigarettes could lead young people to use conventional cigarettes and says it is not yet known if they are safe on their own, with some expressing concerns about a chemical called Propylene Glycol that is found in many e-cigarettes. But it is far from negligible.


While there are now more than 200 models available, the e-cigarette industry remains tiny compared to the overall tobacco industry – e-cigarettes totaled about 0.5 percent of the overall domestic tobacco market last year. today, and another 12 million that use other forms of tobacco.) While the industry has been able to look to overseas markets for growth in recent years – particularly in the Asia Pacific region – health concerns have prompted increasing efforts to curtail smoking across the globe, including in Russia and China. 

“It’s far too early to be calling this the next horizon.  

It isn’t just the traditional tobacco industry that is betting on e-cigarettes. Electronic cigarettes, he said, offer tobacco companies a rare opportunity to introduce new products – something they have largely been prevented from doing in recent years by the government – and “maybe look like the good guys for a change.”

The nation’s largest tobacco company, Marlboro-maker Altria Group Inc., announced plans for the release of its electronic cigarette, the “MarkTen,” at an investor meeting today. convenience stores, according to a Wells Fargo Securities estimate cited by the Wall Street Journal. 

The industry’s embrace of e-cigarettes, which are also known as vapor cigarettes, comes as Americans move away from traditional cigarettes. (There are roughly 44 million adult smokers in the U.S.

And the third-largest U.S. Reynolds American CEO Dan Delen, whose company sells Camel and Pall Mall cigarettes, says he is committed to “transforming tobacco” as part of an effort to make the product less harmful. 


The MarkTen electronic cigarette.

The industry’s growth could be stymied domestically by the FDA, which says it plans to regulate electronic cigarettes – though it has offered no hints as to what that regulation might look like. Silicon Valley entrepreneur Sean Parker is part of a group investing $75 million in NJOY Inc., which makes one of the leading electronic cigarettes. All Rights Reserved. states have already banned the use of e-cigarettes in enclosed public spaces. It plans to begin that comment process later this year and eventually issue regulations on electronic cigarettes and other unregulated tobacco products. (That’s why you don’t now see e-cigarettes marketed as a way to stop smoking traditional cigarettes.) But the FDA has the legal right to add categories to the tobacco products it regulates after going through certain procedural steps, including a public comment process. Parker said he hopes “the clever application of technology might someday obsolete the combustion cigarette and all the harm it causes.” NJOY has deployed singer Courtney Love and other celebrities in an effort to help make its product seem cool. . tobacco company, Reynolds American, announced that it would bring its “VUSE” electronic cigarette to Colorado in July ahead of a planned national rollout. Three U.S. He went on to describe the move by traditional tobacco companies to embrace e-cigarettes at this time “almost a desperation-type behavior,” adding that “all the potential good news could be squashed down the road by taxation, regulation, you name it.”

Electronic cigarettes turn nicotine liquid into an inhalable vapor — eliminating combustion — which is why the act of “smoking” an e-cigarette is sometimes called “vaping.” There is now a raging debate about the health risks posed by the battery-powered devices, which are made to look like real cigarettes (or perhaps a pen). 

For e-cigarette makers, however, it’s full speed ahead.

Last week, the second-biggest U.S.

Updated 9:21 a.m. smokers at least tried an e-cigarette in 2011. Former U.S. Eastern Time

Tobacco companies are now embracing electronic cigarettes to help offset the loss of traditional cigarette smokers – even as the U.S. tobacco company, Lorillard Inc., last year acquired “Blu” e-cigarettes, which make up about one-third of the electronic cigarettes sold at U.S. The company’s Nu Mark branch will be introduced first in Indiana in August; consumers will have the option of disposable or rechargeable models, and classic or menthol flavors; the experience, executives said, “closely resembles the draw of a cigarette.”

“Our mission is to ‘obsolete’ cigarettes,” Craig Weiss, chief executive of NJOY, told the Financial Times earlier this year. Surgeon General Richard Carmona, who has joined the board of NJOY, has said that more study is needed but that e-cigarettes represent a potential tool to move people off traditional cigarettes, which are widely considered to be more harmful.

© 2013 CBS Interactive Inc. There’s still a lot of question marks,” said Russo. There are also questions about whether the typical user will consume e-cigarettes at anything approaching the rate of traditional cigarettes, and whether current non-smokers will be willing to take up the product.

“This industry is in decline, whether people want to admit it or not,” said Jack Russo, an analyst with Edward Jones and a tobacco industry expert.

Regulation is not the only threat to the industry: Electronic cigarettes could eventually face the same sort of high-levels of taxation that now curtail sales of traditional cigarettes. Food and Drug Administration prepares to put forth regulations that could put the skids on the nascent e-cigarette industry. Last November, the company Euromonitor estimated that $2 billion had been spent on e-cigarettes globally in 2011, stating that the industry has seen “booming growth” in just a few years. According to the CDC, about one in five adult U.S

5 Things to Know This Morning

Chinese President Xi Declines To Directly Answer Tough US Questions

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4. Martin Jacobson Wins the World Series of Poker’s Main Event

Xi, who rarely takes questions from the press, refused to directly answer several very tough questions from the New York Times about Obama’s Asia pivot and access for foreign journalists, surprising even the president, who looked at the U.S. Spacecraft Begins Descending to Comet 67P’s Surface

The European Space Agency’s unmanned Rosetta probe successfully released a lander toward the surface of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko on Wednesday, putting it on its final seven-hour journey to a historic rendezvous with the fast-moving lump of dust and ice.

Tomas Young, an Iraq War Army veteran who was paralyzed by a sniper’s bullet and became one of the first veterans to oppose the war, has died at age 34.

2. Tomas Young, Iraq War veteran and Antiwar Activist, Dead at 34

Jacobson won the World Series of Poker’s no-limit Texas Hold ‘em main event in Las Vegas Tuesday, winning on a hand of three 10s to opponent Felix Stephensen’s pair of 9s to earn the $10 million prize.

Jacobson, a native of Sweden, has been playing professionally for the past six years, getting his start in online poker – effort that culminated Tuesday in his first World Series of Poker bracelet.

Your look at the five biggest and most buzz-worthy stories of the morning.

“It’s on its own now,” said Stephan Ulamec, Philae Lander Manager at the DLR German Aerospace Center. Amazing 1970s Video Shows Christoph Waltz Singing and Dancing in a Rainbow Unitard

While not entirely unexpected, it was quite a sight to see.


3. Waltz lowered his head and covered his eyes as the clip played.

1. It is also the end of a 4 billion-mile journey on which Rosetta carried its sidekick lander Philae piggyback.

Young passed away in his sleep early Monday morning at his home in Seattle, just one day before Veterans Day, his wife Claudia Cuellar Young told ABC News.

Christoph Waltz was forced to face his past Tuesday.

Kimmel provided film evidence from Waltz’s past – a 1970s children’s TV program called “Am Dam Des,” showing Waltz singing and dancing, depicting the new year in a form-fitting, rainbow-striped unitard. press and just shrugged.

“It wasn’t [Quentin Tarantino]-type stuff, it was always heavy,” Waltz said on Tuesday’s episode of “Jimmy Kimmel Live.”

The “Horrible Bosses 2″ actor, who grew up in Austria, has been acting since his late teens.

The poker world has a new champion – Martin Jacobson, 27.

It’s what you didn’t hear at President Obama’s joint press conference with Chinese President Xi that stands out most.

5. “We’ll need some luck not to land on a boulder or a steep slope.”

The audacious landing attempt is the climax of a decade-long mission to study the 2.5-mile wide comet

Shutter Myths – King Louis XIV and Lady Godiva

He was wrong though and she did perform this task. King Louis XIV decided that a change was needed and moved to nearby Versailles. There is more debate, though, around the term louvered. Where shutters came from is obvious, as they open and ‘shut’. Some of these involve the French monarch King Louis XIV, who was the French King in the late 1600′s and early 1700′s. It is rumoured, although not widely accepted as likely, that upon this move, shutters were designed for him by Philipe Louvrier.

Andrew Marshall ©

There is another, more likely story surrounding shutters and King Louis XIV. Lady Godiva was the wife of Leofric, the Earl of Mercia. Most of them did with one exception, Tom. The are two suggesting it came about in connection with Shutters though, both of which involved Philipe Louvrier and King Louis XIV. The first suggests the invention of shutters. She was unhappy with her husband plans to charge high taxes to the people of Coventry, England. Of course he put louvers on his window so he could still watch, something he did not do with the other windows.

There is a famous story about shutters and the origins of the term ‘Peeping Tom’, dating back to the eleventh century and Lady Godiva. After he moved to Versailles, some of the women of the royal court used to bathe in the garden ponds within the grounds. The other is that they were name after the King’s previous residence, the Louvre.

There have been some interesting myths surrounding window shutters over the years. He agreed to scrap this idea if she was willing to ride a white horse naked through the streets of Coventry, something he never thought she would do. The story goes that he was blinded from the heavens as he did this.

This brings up another two myths about Shutters, both with regard to where the name Louvered Shutter came from. This put the King’s guards off their work, as they spent time watching the women out of the windows of the Castle instead of performing their duties. One possibility is that the term was already used in other areas. This frustrated the King, and to prevent this problem he had shutters installed throughout the Castle. One suggestion is that they are named after the (alleged) inventor Louvrier. Back in his time, the King’s headquarters was the Louvre in Paris. Tom pierced a whole in his Shutters and watched Lady Godiva as she rode past his home and this is where ‘Peeping Tom’ apparently came from. Before she did, she asked the people of the City to stay indoors and not watch her as she did. This had the added advantage of the women being unable to see the King as he did this.

Online Gambling Trends And Predictions – A Comprehensive New Report By Pwc

While this site focuses on online casinos, a discussion on land-based casinos cannot be ignored at this point considering its huge operations and strong influence on its online counterpart. On the other hand, table games in casinos are often times viewed as merely a game of chance and is unlikely to gain widespread acceptance compared with poker games. Sports-betting has likewise become a big industry in the US.

PwC’s report came out in two parts. Deal or no deal, social networks are bound to take on a major role in promoting online casinos. Probably for lack of reliable and credible sources, revenue figures from online gambling were excluded from the PwC report. The company however came out with revenue figures derived from regulated online gambling. Societal Views and Values

Shifts and Directions

In the US, casino owners are experiencing a less than favorable output. Apparently, crossing borders would be inevitable as business owners try to provide its local customers with as many players to play against. Whether or not it is ready to embrace gambling as a legitimate source of entertainment for mature and responsible adults still remains to be seen. His casino blog provides insider information about online casino and what players need to know.

Asia Pacific Region – Gaining Headway

By: Rick A

Final Note

4. The Social Network Bandwagon

3. As expected, revenues took a nosedive. Apparently, more and more casino business owners recognize the value of social utilities and their huge contribution to increasing customer base and revenues. Cross-Border Gambling

Like any other business or going concern, casinos are also taxed by the Government. Government and Taxation

PwC also reported major directions to be taken by online casinos within a four-year time frame.

Overall, it seems that growth of online casinos (including land-based ones) will be greatly influenced by Government’s laws and regulations on casinos and strategies on achieving revenue growth in the coming years. It is interesting to note that apart from Harrahs, other online casino businesses have expressed growing interest in joining the social networking bandwagon. The saying “Different folks, different strokes” strongly applies.

Many might be wondering whether a deal could possibly be forged between the popular social network Facebook and Harrahs. Too much imposition of taxes and stringent regulations may kill the industry. The recent economic recession has had negative repercussions on casino owners in Nevada and Atlantic City. This lengthy but must-read report discusses the land-based and online casino industry including players, trends, and revenue growth, to name a few. It is worthy to mention that we have chosen contents relevant to this site and have summarized these alongside some of our inputs (Readers who wish to get a glimpse of the report details may visit

Casino Revenue Figures – Actual and Estimates

People have different perspectives about gambling. Below is a brief discussion of these directions including our views.

A few years ago, the UIGEA Bill was passed to control illegal online gambling although there are entities pushing for its repeal.

Article Directory:

Everyone knows that Asia is being touted as the next global champion, thus it didn’t come as a surprise when PwC reported that the Asia Pacific Region industry players, specifically Macau, has already surpassed Nevada’s casino revenues in 2008.

The practice of keeping casino operations within territories or states are backed up by their respective governments however, this set up may not gain a strong foot hold in the coming years. . In the US, horse racing has evolved into a legal activity in various states. The first part contains discussions on land-based casinos while the second touches on online casinos.

Rick is an industry veteran offering views and insights into the online casino world. As a precautionary measure, the New Jersey government is reportedly preparing to submit an Online Gambling Bill which would help casinos outside of Atlantic City to obtain operating licenses. Casino owners were not spared of the crisis. Singapore is not to be left behind as it occupied the number three slot among the regions revenue contributor for the same year.

Recession and US Casinos

2. The Powerball multistate lottery in the US and selected provinces in Canada are gearing towards creating a poker network. Gaming businesses in UK also experienced the same heavy imposition of taxes. The company further estimates that this will reach US$156.8 billion or a hefty 56 percentage points increase by year-end 2014. Lastly, forging ties with social networks have become a trend among casino owners as they recognize its valuable contribution to market presence and revenue growth. Of course we cannot discount the role of the general public in shaping the future of casinos worldwide. The bottom line is each form of gambling draws varied reactions from multiple sectors of society. Poker for instance is viewed as game of strategy and entails analytical skills from among its players. On-line gambling in France for instance has blamed the French Government for its poor performance due to regulations and taxes. Asia Pacific countries like Australia and South Korea have become major players as they accounted for 92% of the region’s casino revenues for 2008. Casino owners, especially those operating within smaller states or regions would find ways to broaden its customer reach.

We will continue to keep track of interesting news and issues pertaining to online gaming laws and regulations so do follow us regularly on twitter @rCasinoReviews or simply subscribe to our RSS feed.

1. We can go on discussing a host of other forms of gambling and the public’s different views on these. One proof is the growing number of Zynga poker fans who play poker for free via Facebook. For this reason, a premier gambling business in UK has decided to pull-out and relocate its head office offshore. Understandably, Government would want higher revenue from taxes however, it may be wise to temper its imposition of taxes (including regulations) if it wants the industry to thrive. PwC reports that for 2009 alone, revenue derived from gambling worldwide was a whopping US$100.5 billion. We have gone one step ahead by digesting selected sections of the report and summarizing them for you.

Price Waterhouse Coopers (PwC), one of the giants among accountancy firms worldwide has recently published a report on “Global Casino and Online Gaming Market to 2014″

China readies national carbon market to fight climate change

They then let those businesses that release less carbon than the cap sell to other companies permissions to emit whatever’s left.

Antung Anthony Liu, an economics professor at the Cheung Kong Graduate School of Business in Beijing, said that if done right, the markets could turn China’s epic climate change fight into an international investment opportunity.

Starting in 2013, China set up the seven pilot markets in the country’s largest cities–Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Chongqing and Shenzhen–as well as the industrial provinces of Guangdong and Hubei. Five of the seven markets give away carbon credits every year and then let companies auction off their excess credits. A successful carbon offset, or “cap-and-trade,” market could play a big part in cutting China’s emissions–and help the world tackle global warming.

“China is taking this step to accept its responsibility in stopping climate change,” said Zhou Cheng, the Beijing exchange’s vice president. Since mid-April, the seven markets have traded a total of 31.2 million tons of carbon. (AP Photo/Andy Wong)

For some Chinese companies, selling excess carbon offset credits could bring in millions of dollars a year.

A closer look indicates otherwise: The scrolling list rotates the same dozen or so trades, all from last year.

The past decade, however, has been a spotty one for carbon credit experiments in China.

The lights from the Beijing Environment Exchange–one of seven pilot markets in China for trading carbon–raises questions for the country as it prepares for next year’s roll-out of a nationwide system that could help the world’s biggest emitter of heat-trapping carbon dioxide rein in its emissions.

Already launched in Europe, California and a few other spots, such carbon offset markets limit how much carbon can be emitted per year by factories and businesses. “To my mind, the markets haven’t the intended hopeful effect yet but capacity has been built. These markets clearly exist. Regulators must also step in to prop up falling carbon offset prices and keep prices at other times from reaching unsustainable highs.

“China goes through a process where it tries to experiment with a policy before rolling it out,” Liu said. Instead, they say they are learning important lessons from their experiments and will use them in what will soon become the world’s biggest carbon offset market.

If anything, the national plan heralds a strategy change for a country that’s so far used its one-party system to order everything from factory closures to barbecue bans by giving companies a money-making incentive to cut their carbon emissions, said Jeff Swartz, international policy director at the Geneva-based nonprofit group the International Emissions Trading Association.

China readies national carbon market to fight climate changeIn this May 12, 2015 photo, workers monitor the carbon trading at the Beijing Environmental Exchange office in Beijing, China. “The policy needs to follow the market at some time.”

Other markets use different methods to set emission targets and determine who has to participate. With next year’s rollout, a successful carbon offset market would clearly play a big part in China’s larger plan to rein in emissions. One result is a higher investment in renewable energy such as solar and the capture and reuse of heat emitted during some industrial processes, he said.

“This is still a market created by policy,” Kong said. With China’s greenhouse gas emissions doubling over the past decade, the fate of the world’s climate depends on whether China can cut back on the coal-fired power plants, automobiles and other emission sources that have released hundreds of millions of tons of carbon into the atmosphere. All rights reserved.

“China is using a number of different policies, both command-and-control but also market policies,” Swartz said. For example, the markets still offer only spot trading with no futures markets, which greatly limits the potential market size. With China’s greenhouse gas emissions doubling over the past decade, the fate of the world’s climate depends on whether China can cut back on the coal-fired power plants, automobiles and other emission sources that have released hundreds of millions of tons of carbon into the atmosphere. “This affects industry in a legal, scientific way, and it lets them form their business plans while looking at carbon emissions too.”

By design, each market has set up its own rules, with an eye for testing approaches for a national market.

China readies national carbon market to fight climate changeIn this May 12, 2015 photo, a worker pulls a chair past an electronic boards displaying the carbon trading index on the left, at the Beijing Environmental Exchange office in Beijing, China. With next year’s rollout, a successful carbon offset market would clearly play a big part in China’s larger plan to rein in emissions. And hopefully one of them will be chosen as the best one and the nation will go forward from that.”

Five years ago, European Union officials ended a carbon offset plan that paid Chinese companies to destroy the greenhouse gas HFC-23 after learning that the companies were producing the gas only to be paid to destroy it.

Explore further:China, EU working on common approach on climate change

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(C) 2015 The Associated Press. “(Emissions trading) will provide a fundamental solution to allow China to peak its emissions.”

Chinese officials, however, say the pilot markets aren’t meant to significantly cut the country’s carbon profile yet. (AP Photo/Andy Wong)

At first, the numbers and company names flashing on a big board in Beijing’s financial district suggest a booming market.

Kathy Kong, CEO of Beijing-based trading firm Timing Carbon, said the pilot markets still have a lot of room to grow. (AP Photo/Andy Wong)

What comes next year will depend on how the seven pilot markets shape up. Many companies required to buy carbon credits have waited until the last minute of compliance periods to make their trades, which has raised concerns about low liquidity in the market. With next year’s rollout, a successful carbon offset market would clearly play a big part in China’s larger plan to rein in emissions. (AP Photo/Andy Wong)

In Beijing, any company that emits more than 10,000 tons of carbon a year–equal to the household and vehicle emissions of more than 400 American households–must join the offset market, which means it receives a yearly cap on its emissions and must buy carbon credits if it wants to emit more carbon. The European market in its first year traded more than 10 times that amount of carbon.

“We want to make our role of carbon asset management a new standard for the group company, not just to buy and sell to get some profit,” Guo said.

China readies national carbon market to fight climate changeIn this May 12, 2015 photo, a worker checks documents on his computer as his colleague walks past an electronic board displaying the carbon trading index, left, at the Beijing Environmental Exchange office in Beijing, China. Credit prices have generally run from $55 to $75 per ton, and the penalty for exceeding the limit can cost three-to-five times the usual credit price. With next year’s rollout, a successful carbon offset market would clearly play a big part in China’s larger plan to rein in emissions. Chen said another idea would be to create separate offset markets around specific industries such as steel, cement energy or construction rather than connect the separate pilots operating according to different rules.. With China’s greenhouse gas emissions doubling over the past decade, the fate of the world’s climate depends on whether China can cut back on the coal-fired power plants, automobiles and other emission sources that have released hundreds of millions of tons of carbon into the atmosphere. With China’s greenhouse gas emissions doubling over the past decade, the fate of the world’s climate depends on whether China can cut back on the coal-fired power plants, automobiles and other emission sources that have released hundreds of millions of tons of carbon into the atmosphere. They could link up so that a company in Beijing in the north could trade with another in the southern Chinese city of Shenzhen. Around 550 companies in Beijing now take part in the exchange.

So far, the pilots have failed to make a noticeable dent in carbon emissions, with about 978 million yuan, or $158 million, traded since their launch in 2013, compared to the 7.2 billion euros, or about $8 billion, of carbon offsets that were traded in the European market in its first year of operation, 2006. Hubei is the country’s biggest market by volume of carbon traded.

China readies national carbon market to fight climate change

China readies national carbon market to fight climate changeIn this May 12, 2015 photo, Zhou Cheng, vice president of the Beijing Environmental Exchange speaks during an interview at his office in Beijing, China. Some observers question the reliability of data recording how much companies are emitting.

For state-owned firms such the Chinese capital’s largest power utility, Beijing’s pilot market has forced business plans to factor in carbon emissions, said Jeremy Guo, executive vice president of the utility’s energy investment arm

Google Teddy Bear Plan Combines Science-Fiction With Creepy Realism

The document’s introductory abstract explains that the device would be used in conjunction with “one or more media devices.”

“We file patent applications on a variety of ideas that our employees come up with,” advised a spokeswoman for Google in a report published by BBC News. Prospective product announcements should not necessarily be inferred from our patent applications.”

BBC News reports that Google’s patent was recently discovered by legal technology firm SmartUp, who described the concept as “one of Google’s creepiest patents yet.”. Such a product would give a simple child’s toy the kind of human-like qualities that, up to this point, were best depicted in fairy tales and science fiction stories.

[Image from United States Patent and Trademark Office]

The Google teddy bear isn’t likely to hit store shelves in the near future. “Some of those ideas later mature into real products or services, some don’t. But for more imaginative types, visions of rebellious talking toys in shows like The Twilight Zone and films like Poltergeist and Child’s Play are the stuff of some seriously bad mojo. Gizmodo muses that the device’s ability to passively collect and store data by constantly monitoring its environment prevents a number of potential issues concerning privacy. A report by Time Magazine indicates that Google filed a patent for an “anthropomorphic device” back in February of 2012 that could be adapted into a doll or toy. Google Teddy Bear Plan Combines Science-Fiction With Creepy Realism

Google’s Research and Development apparatus, which Fortune has likened to a wing of the Defense Department, is notoriously secretive, protecting its projects from a competitors as well as from the prying eyes of a curious public. Nevertheless, some are understandably alarmed about the implications of the proposal, albeit for a number of decidedly different reasons. Indeed, if Google can’t make a splash in the toy market with a walking, talking, and grimacing teddy bear, the company might well find a receptive audience with horror movie enthusiasts.

In essence, the finished product would ostensibly possess the means to interact with people and its environment much in the way that one might think of a well-trained dog or helper monkey, but without all of the pesky feeding and clean-up.

The application itself uses diagrams and lengthy textual explanations to provide the conceptual framework for an anthropomorphic device that would convey expressions of interest, curiosity, and boredom. Contact with the device could be initiated either through verbal cues — such as referring to the device by its name — or by social cues, including eye contact between a person and the device.

Descriptions of the technology, penned by Google inventors Richard Wayne DeVaul and Daniel Aminzade, seem to bring the sensory and interactive abilities of electronic devices to an unprecedented and hitherto inconceivabale level.

The Patent Application Publication on file with the United States Patent and Trademark Office includes basic sketches of a plush bunny and teddy bear with notes on locations for input and output receptacles as well as “motors” at various points or articulation. True to form, Google declined comment on the notion of a Google teddy bear or similar product.

If the kids of today are freaked out by Teddy Ruxpin, imagine what the children of tomorrow will think if hi-tech’s biggest house of ideas goes through with plans for the Google teddy bear

The Impending Dangers of Nuclear War: America’s W88 Thermonuclear Warhead is 30 Times a Hiroshima Bomb | Global Research

As awareness of the humanitarian impact grows hearts and minds are being changed worldwide. After hearing presentations from a wide range of experts on the various effects of nuclear weapon detonations the conference concluded that “it is unlikely that any state or international body could address the immediate humanitarian emergency caused by a nuclear weapon detonation in an adequate manner and provide sufficient assistance to those affected.” Conference members also agreed that the effects of a nuclear weapon detonation will not be constrained by national borders but will produce significant negative regional and global effects6.

File:W-88 warhead detail.png

This ground-breaking and historic conference was attended by delegates from 127 countries and 70 nongovernmental organizations.


The powerful summary statement of the conference Chair pointed out that the broad participation of states and civil society reflected the burgeoning awareness that this issue is of the utmost importance to all the peoples of the world. He called for a ‘legally binding instrument’ and declared that the, ‘time has come to initiate a diplomatic process conducive to this goal. This is enough to wipe out the entire population of the planet many times over together with all other life forms. The nuclear states have become a sorry sight. The next logical development, as the nuclear states continue to deny their obligations to shed their arsenals, is for the non-nuclear states to proceed independently to enact a treaty outlawing these weapons internationally. In a limited nuclear war between India and Pakistan 20 million people would die from the nuclear blasts, fires, and radioactive fallout.

And finally there is hope. Frozen in a realm of outdated thinking which was always inhuman; their leaders frightened and paranoid and prepared to put the survival of humanity in jeopardy simply in order to feel important and powerful as they strut, uncomprehending, on the world stage.


Their brief and nightmarish ascendancy is over.

The W88 is over 30 times more destructive than the bomb which wiped out Hiroshima. They are the very antithesis of humanity5…’. But these 9 are outnumbered by 20 to one. The huge burgeoning of awareness in the citizens of the world is bearing fruit.

Mexico offered to host a follow-up meeting to this conference and such is the vital importance of this approach that other states declared their intention to organise additional events on this subject.

The International Campaign Against Nuclear Weapons (ICAN)8 is a coalition of over 350 organisations in 90 countries. And the fallout would have global consequences that would kill millions of people, disrupt climate patterns, and threaten global agricultural collapse4.

 So with these and other major forces at work there is an unstoppable movement towards banning these Armageddon machines. Getting rid of them will take courageous leadership by states but such leadership will have the support of civil society. The world has moved on.



A single W88 could completely destroy London, Moscow or New York.


There are 9 nuclear states and there are 183 non-nuclear states. The suffering would be indescribable and for many would go on for months and years before death. The other four nuclear states(Pakistan, India, Israel, and North Korea) too are ‘improving’ their arsenals. It is the turn of the last and most destructive of them all.

The first International Conference on the Humanitarian Impact of Nuclear Weapons was held in 2013. How can we ever be sure that some deranged psychopath will not gain power in one of the nuclear states and deceive him/herself into believing that it is in their best interests to make a first strike? How can we ever be sure that some terrorist organisations will not hack into the electronic control systems and carry out the launching themselves? And we now know that even a small nuclear exchange could be a lethal threat to everyone on the planet. And rather than focus on the numbers and ‘yields’ of the weapons it was wisely decided to concentrate on the effects on humanity of the use of nuclear weapons. As the great moral leader Desmond Tutu wrote “Nuclear weapons are an obscenity. It is time to take action 7.’

The Second Conference on the Humanitarian Impact of Nuclear Weapons was held in Nayarit, Mexico, on 13 and 14 February 2014. The security of the non-nuclear states is threatened by the irresponsible and self-focused behaviour of the 9 others. Due to ‘…proliferation, the vulnerability of nuclear command and control networks to cyber-attacks and to human error and potential access to nuclear weapons by non-state actors, in particularly terrorist groups’ the risks are ‘growing globally’. What sort of people would do such a thing? What kind of human would threaten such an atrocity?  

It is ironic that the worst offenders are the five permanent members of the ‘Security’ Council of the United Nations. It is time we ban nuclear weapons.

 Furthermore decent people round the globe know that the existence of nuclear weapons is a brooding evil which undermines the moral integrity of humankind. No emergency services could begin to cope There would be no relief. By focusing attention on the humanitarian consequences of their use they are well on their way to doing so.

The risks of ‘accidental, mistaken, unauthorised or intentional use is growing significantly due to more countries holding weapons on higher levels of combat readiness’.

The only remedy is an enforced world ban on the existence of nuclear weapons. Each bomb on a major city would kill millions of people; women, children, babies, old people, everyone. They have had 69 years to get rid of their nuclear weapons while all that the citizens of the world hear from them are windy speeches around purported good intentions which never come to fruition. She concluded ‘It is time to change the status quo. The existence of nuclear weapons means they could be used by accident, by misunderstanding or by malicious intent. Humanity owes a great debt to Norway for this initiative.

Is this sane? Has the human race lost its senses? A single United States thermonuclear warhead, designated W88, has an estimated ‘yield’ of 475 kilotons2.  The ‘yield’ is the destructive power expressed in tons of TNT equivalent.

The nine nuclear states have over 10,000 nuclear weapons in their stockpiles1. The movement for an international ban is unstoppable.

The US, the UK, Russia, China and France are rebuilding or upgrading their arsenals of nuclear weapons. The nuclear states were invited but declined to attend. It is not easy to face up to the implications of these arsenals especially if you bear the primary responsibility. It included delegations representing 146 States, the United Nations, the International Committee of the Red Cross, the Red Cross and Red Crescent movement and civil society organizations.

The situation is being rendered even more dangerous by the US and Russia who keep 1,800 weapons on high alert atop long-range ballistic missiles that are ready to launch 5 to 15 minutes after receiving an order!

The Third Conference on the Humanitarian Impact of Nuclear Weapons will be held in Austria later this year. Is it possible to imagine the degree of paranoia represented by such a standing threat? The UK government has started to spend one hundred billion pounds on rebuilding its Trident fleet of nuclear submarines, each one with the capacity to incinerate over 40 million people. Our belief is that this process should comprise a specific timeframe, the definition of the most appropriate fora, and a clear and substantive framework, making the humanitarian impact of nuclear weapons the essence of disarmament efforts. This is being done at a time when many citizens are suffering from inadequate defences against flooding and when the social services are being radically cut back. 

She went on to explain that the use against cities of less than one percent of existing weapons would put billions of lives in jeopardy and have a long lasting detrimental  effect on both the planet’s climate and agriculture. These weapons must be outlawed; ‘in the past, weapons have been eliminated after they have been outlawed. We believe this is the path to achieve a world without nuclear weapons’. India and Pakistan sent observers.




Citizens of the world have simultaneously become aware that the nuclear states do not intend to get rid of their nuclear weapons and that their existence imposes a permanent and intolerable threat to us all. Ray Acheson, in her closing statement on behalf of ICAN to the Second Conference included the words ‘The claim by some states that they continue to need these weapons to deter their adversaries has been exposed by the evidence presented at this conference and in Oslo as a reckless and unsanctionable gamble with our future’.


The US government has 5 nuclear submarines on patrol at all times carrying 1000 times the destructive power of the Hiroshima bomb3. The non-nuclear majority which do not feel the need for a lethal ‘security’ crutch have decided to take the initiative. As we discuss the statistics and strategies of ‘nuclear arsenals’ and ‘nuclear deterrence’ it can be hard to keep in mind the reality underlying the abstract discussions. She insisted that we must act to get rid of them or they will be used by accident, misunderstanding or malicious intent. The other weapons of mass destruction have already been banned